Follow-up Study on the Acculturation and Adataption to South Korea among North Korean Defecting Adolescents

북한이탈청소년의 문화변용 추적과 남한사회 적응에 관한 연구

  • Received : 2009.10.08
  • Accepted : 2009.12.29
  • Published : 2010.02.28

Abstract

It is a follow-up study on acculturation types and adaptation level to South Korea among North Korean defecting adolescents who participated in the study with the same purpose five years ago(2003). The study of 2003(1st year study) was done with 90 adolescents, out of whom 46 participated in this study(2nd year study). The data from 46 subjects who participated in both 1st and 2nd studies were analyzed. The results on individual acculturation type showed that 40% of the respondents who belonged to 'marginal' or 'separated' types in the 1st study were changed to 'assimilated' or 'integrated' types in the 2nd. Twenty percent changed from 'assimilated' or 'integrated' types in the 1st study to 'marginal' or 'separated' in the 2nd. Furthermore, the higher is the acceptance level of South Korean culture, the lower are their psycho-social problems and the higher is the satisfaction level of daily lives in South Korea. While the higher is the preservation level of North Korean culture, the higher is aggression. Based on the results, the study developed discussion on diverse alternative plans for helping North Korean defecting adolescents in successfully adjusting to the South Korean society.

Keywords

North Korean defecting adolescents;acculturation;South Korean Adaptation;psycho-social problems;satisfaction level of daily lives

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 서울여자대학교