Developing a Scale for Self-Sufficiency Process of the Female Victims of Prostitution

성매매피해여성의 자활 과정 척도 개발

  • Received : 2009.09.02
  • Accepted : 2009.09.29
  • Published : 2010.02.28


Self-sufficiency of the female victims of prostitution has been understood as a 'result' at a particular moment focusing on an economic self-sufficiency. Overcoming such limitation, this study originates from a problem posing that evaluating self-sufficiency of the female victims of prostitution should be approached as a series of 'processes' in which experiences of the victims are integrated. The methodology of the study included a questionnaire survey with questions designed based on the self-sufficiency experiences which were analyzed through an in-depth interview with 34 female victims of prostitution. The questionnaire survey was conducted with 243 female victims of prostitution, and construct validity and reliability were verified. As a result of an exploratory factor analysis, a validity of scale in four factors and 24 questions was verified. A reliability of each factor was high ranging from .823 to .871. It could be achieved to make a relatively invisible process of self-sufficiency visible by developing the scale. Subsequently it complements the existing concept of self-sufficiency and overcomes limitations of measuring its results, hence reflecting the reality of the self-sufficiency practices.


Female Victims of Prostitution;Self-Sufficiency Process;Scale Development;Qualitative Research;Quantitative Research