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The Analysis of Disease Distribution of patients discharged from a general hospital in a farming and fishing village region

일개 종합병원을 이용한 농.어촌지역 퇴원환자의 질병분포에 관한 연구

  • Yu, Eun-Yeong (Department of Health Policy and Administration, Gwangju Health College University) ;
  • Kim, Youl (Department of Occupational Therapy Sunghwa College)
  • 유은영 (광주보건대학 보건행정과) ;
  • 김율 (성화대학 작업치료과)
  • Received : 2010.10.12
  • Accepted : 2010.12.17
  • Published : 2010.12.31

Abstract

This study examined the disease conditions of patients from a farming and fishing village area. In order to analyze the medical service utilization, the necessary data were obtained from established health and medical care service plans from medical treatment related organizations. The following results were based on the analysis of data from the medical records of 2,365 discharged patients during a six months period from July to December 2009 at a general hospital in an aging farming and fishing village area. Results: The sex of the patients investigated was male 55.3%, female 44.7%, and the most frequent age category at 42.0% was 70 years of age or older. Based on type of hospital admission, 65.5% of patients who were admitted were originally outpatients. Patients were admitted according to the following departments: 49.7% for the department of internal medicine, 16.7% for the department of orthopedics, and 13.8% for the department of neurosurgery. The average number of days hospitalized was 14.8 days. The following ranks the principal diagnosis among patients in this study: S00-T98 18.4%, J00-J99 15.5%, and I00-I99 11.5%. The average number of diagnosis listed per patient was 5.6. There was a statistically significant difference for the following general characteristics according to principal diagnosis list: gender, type of insurance, admission process, and age category distribution had statistically significant differences. Monthly distribution of principal diagnoses were statistically significant difference. There was a statistically significant difference for principal diagnosis lists according to the average number of days admitted and the number of diagnosis. The results of this study showed the types of disease from typical farming and fishing village regions as disease from external injury due to the work environment of farming and fishing village regions and excessive labor throughout the year, respiratory disease, and various chronic disease from aging.

Keywords

Farming and fishing village region;Disease conditions;Discharge patient treatments

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 광주보건대학

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