Anode Properties of TiO2 Nanotube for Lithium-Ion Batteries

리튬이온전지용 TiO2 나노튜브 음전극 특성

  • Choi, Min Gyu (Research Team of Power Control Devices, Electronics & Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI)) ;
  • Lee, Young-Gi (Research Team of Power Control Devices, Electronics & Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI)) ;
  • Kim, Kwang Man (Research Team of Power Control Devices, Electronics & Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI))
  • 최민규 (한국전자통신연구원 융합부품소재연구부문 전력제어소자팀) ;
  • 이영기 (한국전자통신연구원 융합부품소재연구부문 전력제어소자팀) ;
  • 김광만 (한국전자통신연구원 융합부품소재연구부문 전력제어소자팀)
  • Received : 2010.01.28
  • Accepted : 2010.02.24
  • Published : 2010.06.30

Abstract

In this review, the studies on the electrochemical properties of $TiO_2$ nanotube as an anode material of lithium-ion battery, which was prepared by an alkaline hydrothermal reaction and anneling process, were investigated andanalyzed in terms of charge-dischage characteristics. Up to date, a maximum discharge capacity of $338mAh\;g^{-1}$(x=1.01) was achieved by the nanotube with $TiO_2(B)$ phase, whereas the theoretical capacity of $TiO_2$ anode was $335mAh\;g^{-1}$(x=1) in the basis of $Li_xTiO_2$ as a product of electrochemical reaction between $TiO_2$ and lithium. This was due to fast lithium transport by a shortened diffusion path provided by controlling the nanostructure of $TiO_2$, because the self-diffusion of lithium was slow in a basis of its activation energy as 0.48 eV. Due to an excellent ion storage capabilities in both the surface and the bulk phase, the $TiO_2$ nanotube could be a promising active material as both an anode of lithium-ion battery and an electrode of capacitor with high-rate performances.

Keywords

$TiO_2$ Nanotube;Anode;Lithium-Ion Battery;Electrochemical Property

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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