Comparison of Dye Removal Performance of Direct and Indirect Oxidation Electrode

직접 산화와 간접 산화용 전극의 Dye 제거 성능 비교

  • Kim, Dong-Seog (Department of Environmental Science, Catholic University of Daegu) ;
  • Park, Young-Seek (Faculty of Liberal Education, Daegu University)
  • 김동석 (대구가톨릭대학교 환경과학과) ;
  • 박영식 (대구대학교 기초교육원)
  • Received : 2010.07.21
  • Accepted : 2010.09.01
  • Published : 2010.11.30


This study has carried out to evaluate the performance of direct and indirect oxidation electrode for the purpose of decolorization of Rhodamine B (RhB) in water. Four kinds of electrodes were used for comparison: Pt and JP202 (indirect oxidation electrode), Pb and boron doping diamond (BDD, direct oxidation electrode). The effect of applied current (0.5 ~ 2.5 A), electrolyte type (NaCl, KCl, HCl, $Na_2SO_4$ and $H_2SO_4$) and electrolyte concentration (0.5 ~ 2.5 g/L), solution pH (3 ~ 11) and initial RhB concentration (25 ~ 125 mg/L) were evaluated. Experimental results showed that RhB removal efficiency were increased with increase of current, NaCl dosage and decrease of the pH. However, the effect of operating parameter on the RhB removal were different with the electrode type. JP202 electrode was the best electrode from the point of view of performance and energy consumption. The order of removed RhB concentration per energy lie in: JP202>Pt>Pb>BDD.


  1. 김광욱, 이일희, 김정식, 신기하(2002a). 정봉익, 김광호, 이리듐 산화물 전극의 유기물 성능 분해 개선. 화학공학, 40(2), pp. 146-151.
  2. 김광욱, 이일희, 김정식, 신기하, 정봉익(2002b). 고온 소결된 촉매 산화물 전극의 재료 특성 및 유기물 분해능 연구. 공업화학, 13(3), pp. 285-290.
  3. 김광욱, 이일희, 김정식, 최정길, 신기하, 이상훈, 김광호(2000). 3성분 혼합 Ru-Sn-TiTi 산화물 저극 활성 및 전극 수명 특성(I). 화학공학, 38(6), pp. 774-782.
  4. 김동석, 박영식(2007). 불용성 전극을 이용한 Rhodamine B의 전기화학적 탈색. 수질보전 한국물환경학회지, 23(3), pp. 377-384.
  5. 김동석, 박영식(2009a). 산화제 생성율이 높은 촉매성 산화물 전극(DSA)의 개발에 관한 연구(I). 한국환경과학회지, 18(1), pp. 49-60.
  6. 김동석, 박영식(2009b). 산화제 생성율이 높은 촉매성 산화물 전극(DSA)의 개발에 관한 연구(2). 한국환경과학회지, 18(1), pp. 61-72.
  7. 김동석, 박영식(2009c). 전기화학적 공정의 운전인자에 따른 산화제 생성과 염료 분해 특성. 한국환경학회지, 18(11), pp. 1235-1245.
  8. 동성트레이딩(2008).
  9. 박영식(2008). 전기분해와 UV 조사에 의한 Rhodamine B의 제거(1). 한국환경보건학회지, 34(6), pp. 439-445.
  10. 장윤영, 최상일, 이철효(2000). 매립지 침출수처리를 위한 펜톤유사반응에 관한 연구. 수질보전 한국물환경학회지, 16(3), pp. 413-420.
  11. 현성E&E (2010). htp://
  12. Chen, G. (2004). Electrochemical technologies in wastewater treatment. Sep. and Puri. Tech., 38. pp. 11-41.
  13. Comninellis, Ch. (1994). Electrolysis in the electrochemical conversion/combustion of organic pollutants for waste water treatment. Electrochimica. Acta, 39, pp. 1857-1862.
  14. Lucking, F., Koser, H., Jank, M., and Ritter, A. (1998). Iron powder, graphite and activated carbon as catalysts for the oxidation of 4-chlorophenol with hydrogen peroxide in aqueous solution. Wat. Res., 32(9), pp. 2607-2614.
  15. Ma, J. and Graham. J. D. (2000). Degradation of atrazine by manganese- catalyzed ozonation- influence of radical scavengers. Wat. Res., 34(15), pp. 3822-3828.
  16. Malpass, G. R, P., Miwa,. D. W., Machado, S. A. S., Olivi, P., and Motheo, A. J. (2006). Oxidation of the pesticide atrazine at $DSA^{Ⓡ}$(þ electrodes. J. of Hazard. Mater., B137, pp. 565-572.
  17. Panizza, M., Barbucci, A., Ricotti, R., and Cerisola, G. (2007). Electrochemical degradation of methylene blue, Sep. and Puri. Tech., 54, pp. 382-387.
  18. Rajkumar, D. and Kim, J. G. (2006). Oxidation of various reactive dyes with in situ electro-generated active chlorine for textile dyeing industry wastewater treatment. J. of Hazard. Mater., B136, pp. 203-212.
  19. Scialdone, O., Galia, A., Guarisco, C., Randazz, S., and Filardo, G. (2008). Electrochemical incineration of oxalic acid at boron doped diamond anodes: role of operative parameters. Electrochimica Acta, 53, pp. 2095-2108.
  20. Szpyrkowitz, L., Juzzolino, C., and Kul, S. N. (2001). A comparative study on oxidation of disperse dyes by electrochemical process, ozone, hypochlorre and Fenton reasent. Wat. Res., 35(9). pp. 2129-2136.
  21. Villanueva-Rodriguez, M., Hernandez-Ramirez, A., Peralta-Hernandez, J. M., Bandala, E. R., and Quiroz.Alfaro, M. A. (2009). Enhancing the electrochemical oxidation of acid-yellow 26 azo dye using boron-doped diamond electrodes by addition of ferrous ion. J. of Hazard. Mater, 167(1/3), pp. 1226-1230.