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아연제련시설에서의 수은 배출특성

Emission Characteristics of Mercury in Zn Smelting Process

  • 박정민 (국립환경과학원 대기공학연구과) ;
  • 이상보 (국립환경과학원 대기공학연구과) ;
  • 김형천 (국립환경과학원 대기공학연구과) ;
  • 송덕종 (국립환경과학원 대기공학연구과) ;
  • 김민수 (국립환경과학원 대기공학연구과) ;
  • 김민정 (국립환경과학원 대기공학연구과) ;
  • 김영희 (국립환경과학원 대기공학연구과) ;
  • 이상학 (경북대학교 화학과) ;
  • 김종춘 (국립환경과학원 대기공학연구과) ;
  • 이석조 (국립환경과학원 대기공학연구과)
  • Park, Jung-Min (Air Pollution Control Research Division, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Lee, Sang-Bo (Air Pollution Control Research Division, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Kim, Hyung-Chun (Air Pollution Control Research Division, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Song, Duk-Jong (Air Pollution Control Research Division, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Kim, Min-Su (Air Pollution Control Research Division, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Kim, Min-Jung (Air Pollution Control Research Division, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Kim, Yong-Hee (Air Pollution Control Research Division, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Lee, Sang-Hak (Department of Chemistry, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Kim, Jong-Chun (Air Pollution Control Research Division, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Lee, Suk-Jo (Air Pollution Control Research Division, National Institute of Environmental Research)
  • 투고 : 2010.04.13
  • 심사 : 2010.08.20
  • 발행 : 2010.10.31

초록

Stationary combustion sources such as coal-fired power plants, waste incinerators, industrial manufacturing, etc. are recognized as major sources of mercury emissions. Due to rapid economic growth, zinc production in Korea has increased significantly during the last 30 years. Total zinc production in Korea exceeded 739,000 tons in 2008, and Korea is currently the third largest zinc producing country in the world. Previous studies have revealed that zinc smelting has become one of the largest single sectors of total mercury emissions in the World. However, studies on this sector are very limited, and a large gap in the knowledge regarding emissions from this sector needs to be bridged. In this paper, Hg emission measurements were performed to develop emission factors from zinc smelting process. Stack sampling and analysis were carried out utilizing the Ontario Hydro method and US EPA method 101A. Preliminary data showed that $Hg^0$ concentrations in the flue gas ranged from 4.56 to $9.90\;{\mu}g/m^3$ with an average of $6.40\;{\mu}g/m^3$, Hg(p) concentrations ranged from 0.03 to $0.09\;{\mu}g/m^3$ with an average of $0.04\;{\mu}g/m^3$, and RGM concentrations ranged from 0.23 to $1.17\;{\mu}g/m^3$ with an average of $6.40\;{\mu}g/m^3$. To date, emission factors of 7.5~8.0 g/ton for Europe, North America and Australia, and of 20 or 25 g/ton for Africa, Asia and South America are widely accepted by researchers. In this study, Hg emission factors were estimated using the data measured at the commercial facilities as emissions per ton of zinc product. Emission factors for mercury from zinc smelting pross ranged from 4.32 to 12.96 mg/ton with an average of 8.31 mg/ton. The emission factors that we obtained in this study are relatively low, considering Hg contents in the zinc ores and control technology in use. However, as these values are estimated by limited data of single measurement of each, the emission factor and total emission amount must be updated in future.

키워드

Zinc smelting process;Emission factor;Mercury emission

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피인용 문헌

  1. A Study on the Development of the Mercury Emission Factor from Coal-fired Power Plant vol.28, pp.2, 2012, https://doi.org/10.5572/KOSAE.2012.28.2.172
  2. New Insight into Atmospheric Mercury Emissions from Zinc Smelters Using Mass Flow Analysis vol.49, pp.6, 2015, https://doi.org/10.1021/es505723a
  3. Estimation of Mercury Emission from Major Sources in Annex D of Minamata Convention and Future Trend vol.32, pp.2, 2016, https://doi.org/10.5572/KOSAE.2016.32.2.193
  4. Mercury flows in a zinc smelting facility in South Korea vol.19, pp.1, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10163-015-0381-z
  5. A Study on the Mercury Emission Characteristic and Comparison Tests for Applicability of Latest Mercury Measuring Methods : Focus on the Cement Kiln vol.33, pp.3, 2017, https://doi.org/10.5572/KOSAE.2017.33.3.241