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유류사고 이후 안면도 연안 해수 및 퇴적물의 다환방향족탄화수소(PAHs) 오염에 관한 연구

Pollution of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Seawater and Marine Sediments from Anmyundo Coastal Area after Oil Spill

  • Lee, Wan-Seok (Marine Environment Research Division, National Fisheries Research and Development Institute) ;
  • Park, Seung-Yoon (Marine Environment Team, South Sea Fisheries Research Institute, National Fisheries Research and Development Institute) ;
  • Kim, Pyoung-Joong (Marine Environment Team, South Sea Fisheries Research Institute, National Fisheries Research and Development Institute) ;
  • Jeon, Sang-Baeck (Marine Environment Team, South Sea Fisheries Research Institute, National Fisheries Research and Development Institute) ;
  • An, Kyoung-Ho (Marine Environment Team, West Sea Fisheries Research Institute, National Fisheries Research and Development Institute) ;
  • Choi, Yong-Seok (Marine Environment Team, West Sea Fisheries Research Institute, National Fisheries Research and Development Institute)
  • 투고 : 2010.10.18
  • 심사 : 2010.11.23
  • 발행 : 2010.12.31

초록

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were investigated in seawater and marine sediment from Anmyundo coastal area after oil spill. The concentrations of total PAHs in surface and bottom of seawater at August were 31.1 to 142.6 ng/L and 5.9 to 50.9 ng/L in August and November, respectively. The concentrations of PAHs in sediment were 21.0 to 102.9 ng/g D.W. and 32.3 to 57.4 ng/g D.W. in August and November, respectively. PAHs concentrations in seawater and sediment in August were higher than those in November about 2.5 and 1.4 times, respectively. Diagnostic ratio (PhA/AnT and FluA/Pyr) were investigated to identify source of PAHs in seawater and sediment. The PAHs in seawater originated from pyrolytic source and those in sediment originated from pyrolytic and petrogenic source. The glass, wood and coal origin was higher than petroleum origin on the combustion origin of PAHs in seawater and sediment. The seawater of Anmyundo costal area recovered from oil spill, but the sediments of that were weakly influenced by oil spill until now. Because this area is developed many fishing grounds, demanded Long Term Environmental Monitoring Program (LTEMP). The concentrations of PAHs on depth of sediments were investigated at station 8 and 10. The concentrations of PAHs were decreased with increasing depth.

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