Characteristics of Persistent of Hexachlorocyclohexane(HCH) in Ambient Air-Soil-Water-Sediment for a Emerging Persistent Organic Pollutants(POPs)

신규 잔류성 유기오염물질(Emerging Persistent Organic Pollutants E-POPs) 핵사클로로시클로핵산(HCH)의 대기-토양-물-저질에서의 잔류특성

  • Hwang, Sung-Min (Department of Environment Atmospheric Science, Graduate School of Earth Environmental Engineering, Dioxin Research Center, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Lee, Seok-Hyung (Department of Environment Atmospheric Science, Graduate School of Earth Environmental Engineering, Dioxin Research Center, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Park, No-Jin (Department of Environment Atmospheric Science, Graduate School of Earth Environmental Engineering, Dioxin Research Center, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Ok, Gon (Department of Environment Atmospheric Science, Graduate School of Earth Environmental Engineering, Dioxin Research Center, Pukyong National University)
  • 황성민 (부경대학교 환경대기과학과 지구환경공학 대학원 다이옥신연구센터) ;
  • 이석형 (부경대학교 환경대기과학과 지구환경공학 대학원 다이옥신연구센터) ;
  • 박노진 (부경대학교 환경대기과학과 지구환경공학 대학원 다이옥신연구센터) ;
  • 옥곤 (부경대학교 환경대기과학과 지구환경공학 대학원 다이옥신연구센터)
  • Received : 2010.07.15
  • Accepted : 2010.10.27
  • Published : 2010.12.31


The purpose of the study was to analyze the persistence of HCH in atmosphere, soil, sediment and water of the western and southern regions of Korea. The samples from the western region were collected from Anmyeon Island, and the samples from the southern region were collected from Kimhae and Busan. The concentration of HCH isomers in atmosphere showed the pattern of $\alpha$-HCH>$\gamma$-HCH>$\beta$-HCH. The regions with high HCH concentration in the atmosphere are the regions that have been highly exposed to HCH used in the past, and the areas that have been influenced by the long range transport. The HCH that persists in the soil, water and sediment evaporates into the atmosphere, showing the characteristics of Air-Surface exchange. When the regional concentration distributions are compared, the concentration of HCH was higher in the atmosphere of a plain and the cities near the plain, than the urban areas. In this study, the ratio of $\alpha/\beta$-HCH was used as an indicator for estimating the source of Technical HCH and Lindane. According to the result, the contribution of Lindane was high in Kimhae plain and Kimhae urban areas. However, in Busan, the contribution of Technical HCH was higher than Lindane. In case of Anmyeon Island, the western region of Korea had high contribution from Tehcnical HCH. In soil and sediment, $\beta$-HCH was dominant. In water, $\gamma$-HCH was dominant among other isomers. Such results are due to $\gamma$-HCH inLindane. Furthermore, the source of $\gamma$-HCH in urban areas is assumed to be the use of medicine, medical supplies and other living supplies. Based on the results of this study, the management of HCH, a newly list up emerging POPs, should be strengthened by further research on sources, fate, persistency, accumulation and exposures and etc. to the risk assessments.


HCH;POPs;Technical HCH;Lindane;$\alpha/\gamma$-HCH ratio;Air-Surface exchange


Supported by : 부경대학교


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