Effects of Job-related Stress and Problem Solving Styles on Psychological Distress of Firefighters

직무 관련 스트레스, 문제해결양식이 소방대원의 심리적 디스트레스에 미치는 영향

  • 고진경 (한국사이버대학교 상담학과) ;
  • 박재성 (한국사이버대학교 소방방재학과)
  • Received : 2010.10.10
  • Accepted : 2010.12.10
  • Published : 2010.12.31

Abstract

This study is aimed to investigate the relationship between job-related stressor, problem solving style and psychological distress and the effects of job-related stress and problem solving style on psychological distress of firefighters. The Job-related Stress Scale, Problem Solving Style Questionnaire, and the Symptom Checklist-Revised (SCL-90-R) were administered to 148 firefighters working in Seoul and Gyounggi. Correlation analysis revealed that job-related stress, problem-solving styles such as helplessness and problem-solving control correlated positively with psychological distress and that problem-solving confidence and approaching style correlated negatively with it. Multiple regression analysis showed that job-related negative cognition and emotion, helplessness and approaching style accounted for 43% of the variance in the psychological distress. Among problem-solving styles, helplessness had the highest predictive power for psychological distress. Self-reported helplessness is an important determinant of firefighters' reactions to problematic situations encountered in their job.

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