A Study Evaluating Nutrient Intake and Diet Quality in Female College Students According to Coffee Consumption

여대생의 커피 섭취량에 따른 영양섭취 및 식사의 질 평가

  • Bae, Yun-Jung (Dept. of Food & Nutrition, Sookmyung Women's University) ;
  • Kim, Mi-Hyun (Dept. of Food & Nutrition, Kangwon National University)
  • 배윤정 (숙명여자대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 김미현 (강원대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Received : 2009.02.04
  • Accepted : 2009.03.23
  • Published : 2009.05.02

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess nutrient intake and dietary quality in female college students according to their coffee consumption. The survey was conducted through questionnaires and 3-day dietary records with 353 students. The subjects were divided into three groups: students who didn't consume coffee (non-coffee group, N=119), students who consumed <250 ml coffee (light-coffee group, N=140), and students who consumed ${\geq}$250 ml coffee (moderate-coffee group, N=94). There were no significant differences in age, weight, height, and BMI among the three groups. The mean daily energy intake was 1800.8 kcal in the non-coffee group, 1724.9 kcal in the light-coffee group, and 1729.7 kcal in the moderate-coffee group. The moderate-coffee group consumed a significantly higher amount of alcohol than the light-coffee group (p<0.05). The average intakes of dietary fiber, vitamin A, ${\beta}$-carotene, and folate in the non-coffee group were significantly higher than those in the light-coffee and moderate-coffee groups. Indexes of Nutritional Quality (INQ) for vitamin A, niacin, and vitamin B6 were significantly higher in the non-coffee group than in the light-coffee group. Also the non-coffee group consumed a significantly higher amount of vegetables compared to the light-coffee group. There was no significant difference in the Dietary Diversity Scores (DDS) among the three groups. These results suggest that coffee consumption affects food and nutrient intake in female college students.

References

  1. Choi MK, Lee YS (2007): The relationships among coffee consumption, blood pressure, and serum lipids in Korean adult men and women. Korean J Food & Nutr 20(4):460-466
  2. Gilbert RM, Marshman JA, Schwieder M, Berg R (1976): Caffeine content of beverages as consumed. Can Med Assoc J 114(3):205-208
  3. Harris SS, Dawson-Hughes B (1994): Caffeine and bone loss in healthy postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr 60(4):573-578
  4. Jin YH (1999): A study on the present condition of the coffee and vision of 21C in Korea. Culinary Research 5(2):5-28
  5. Jung YW (2006): A study on the factors of customer satisfaction and customer loyalty in coffee houses. Korean Journal of Culinary Research 12(4):1-17
  6. Kang SU, Na YS (2004): The analysis toward consumptionstate, import and export in the world coffee market -The case of Korea, U.S.A., Japan market-. Korean Journal of Culinary Research 10(3):65-82
  7. Kant AK, Block G, Schatzkin A, Ziegler RG, Nestle M (1991): Dietary diversity in the US population, NHANES II, 1976-1980. J Am Diet Assoc 91(12):1526-1531
  8. Kim HD, Kim DS, Kim SS (1994): Milk and beverage preferences of college students. J Korean Soc Food Nutr 23(3):420-428
  9. Kim HK, Hwang SY, Yoon SB, Chun DS, Kong SK, Kang KO (2007): A study of the characteristics of different coffee beans by roasting and extracting condition. Korean J Food & Nutr 20(1):14-19
  10. Kim SY (1998): The analysis of nutritional factors related to hypercholesterolemia in postmenopausal women. Doctor theses. Hanyang University
  11. Lee SY, Hwang IK, Park MH, Seo HS (2007): Sensory characteristics of diluted espresso(Americano) in relation to dilution rates. Korean J Food Cookery Sci 23(6):839-847
  12. McCusker RR, Goldberger BA, Cone EJ (2003): Caffeine content of specialty coffees. J Anal Toxicol 27(7):520-522 https://doi.org/10.1093/jat/27.7.520
  13. Ministry of Health & Welfare (2006): Report on 2005 national health and nutrition examination survey- Health behavior of adults. Ministry of Health & Welfare. Seoul
  14. Mosdol A, Christensen B, Retterstol L, Thelle DS (2002): Induced changes in the consumption of coffee alter ad libitum dietary intake and physical activity level. Br J Nutr 87(3):261-266 https://doi.org/10.1079/BJN2001506
  15. Park MH, Choi YS, Cho SH, Ha TS (1999): A study on beverage consumption pattern associated with food and nutrient intakes of college students. J Korean Diet Assoc 5(1):21-28
  16. Paul O, MacMillan A, McKean H, Park H (1968): Sucrose intake and coronary heart-disease. Lancet 2(7577):1049-1051
  17. Seo HS, Kim SH, Hwang IG (2003): Comparison on physicochemical properties and antioxidant activities of commonly consumed coffees at coffee shops in Seoul downtown. Korean J Food Cookery Sci 19(5):624-630
  18. Sohn KH, Lee MJ, Min SH, Lee HJ (2000): A study on the factors affecting the consumption of coffee and tea among female in Seoul. Korea J Food Culture 15(5):398-412
  19. Song KH (1999): A study on food habits, beverage intake and body fat content in college students. Abstract of 1999 conference of the Korean Society of Community Nutrition. Korean Society of Community Nutrition Seoul. pp.112
  20. Sorenson AW, Wyse BW, Wittwer AJ, Hansen RG (1976): An Index of Nutritional Quality for a balanced diet. New help for an old problem. J Am Diet Assoc 68(3):236-242
  21. Syed IB (1976): The effects of caffeine. J Am Pharm Assoc 16(10):568-572
  22. The Korean Nutrition Society (2005): Dietary Reference Intakes for Koreans. Seoul
  23. Wu T, Willett WC, Hankinson SE, Giovannucci E (2005): Caffeinated coffee, decaffeinated coffee, and caffeine in relation to plasma C-peptide levels, a marker of insulin secretion, in U.S. women. Diabetes Care 28(6):1390-1396 https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.28.6.1390
  24. Yudkin J, Morland J (1967): Sugar intake and myocardial infarction. Am J Clin Nutr 20(5):503-506