A Study on the Rerationships Between the Local Autonomy System and the Environmental Management by the Local Government in Korea - Especially on the Upper-local Governments -

지방자치제도와 지방자치단체 환경관리체계와의 관계에 관한 연구 - 광역자치단체의 환경조례를 중심으로 -

  • Na, Seung-Weon (Graduate School of Informatics, Okayama University of Science) ;
  • Sung, Hyun-Chan (Dept. of Green & Landscape Architecture, Dankook University) ;
  • Inoue, Kentaro (Dept. of Socio-Information, Okayama University of Science)
  • Received : 2009.08.01
  • Accepted : 2009.08.23
  • Published : 2009.08.31


This study has focused 302 environmental ordinances enacted from 1974 to 2008 by 16 upper-local governments (7 deignated cities and 9 provinces) and the relationships between them and the development of the Korean local autonomy system. The ordinances have been categorized into three types, the voluntary ones without any obligatory stipulations in laws, the optional ones based on laws, and the law based obligatory ones, which have been examined the enactment years and the contents of them. The local ordinances have been enacted in four periods with a few characteristics, which are "the pre-local-autonomy period (1974-1991)", "the introductory-local-autonomy period (1991-1995)", "the local-autonomy-developing period (1995-1999)", and "the mature-local-autonomy period (after 2000)", along the local autonomy development. 57 ordinances were enacted in the first period, 20 enacted in the second period, 46 enacted in the third period and 179 ordinances in the fourth period. The obligatory ordinances were the most in the first period and in the second period, while the voluntary ordinances were enacted most in the third period. 7 designated cities have pretty more ordinances, 160 in all, than 9 provinces, 142. The tendency to enact earlier in the metropolitan area, SeoulCity, IncheonCity and Gyeonggi province, than the others can be seen. It can be said that the establishment of the local autonomy in Korea had accelerated the development of the local environmental management.