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Isolation and Production of Antibiotic Substance from Streptomyces sp. S-1110 Antagonistic to Multiple Apple Mold Diseases

사과 곰팡이병에 길항하는 Streptomyces sp. S-1110의 분리 및 길항 물질의 생산

  • Published : 2009.09.30

Abstract

Concerning about the negative impact of chemical pesticides on human health and the environment has been leading to dramatic increase of research in natural product-based pesticides. An antagonistic bacterium Streptomyces sp. S-1110 was isolated from apple farm soil. The culture filtrate of the strain showed growth inhibition effects to apple pathogenic fungi, Botryosphaeria dothidea, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides and Rhizoctonia solani. The unidentified antibiotic substances from the strain kept antagonistic activity either after heat treatment at $121^{\circ}C$ for 1 h or pH treatment at range of pH 3 - pH 12 for 24 h. The substances also prevented apple fruit from spoiling by inoculated two pathogenic molds, B. dothidea and C. gloeosporioides. These results suggested that the isolated strain would be useful as a biocontrol agent to control apple spoiling occurred from mold.

Keywords

Antagonistic bacteria;Biocontrol agent;Botryosphaeria dothidea;Colletotrichum gloeosporioides;Rhizoctonia solani

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