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Interaction between Earthworm and Dung Beetles on Cattle Dung Decomposition

우분 분해에 대한 지렁이와 소똥구리의 상호작용

  • Bang, Hea-Son (Agro-Ecosystem, Environmental Ecology Division, National Academy of Agricultural Science, RDA) ;
  • Na, Young-Eun (Agro-Ecosystem, Environmental Ecology Division, National Academy of Agricultural Science, RDA) ;
  • Jung, Myung-Pyo (Agro-Ecosystem, Environmental Ecology Division, National Academy of Agricultural Science, RDA) ;
  • Kim, Myung-Hyun (Agro-Ecosystem, Environmental Ecology Division, National Academy of Agricultural Science, RDA) ;
  • Han, Min-Su (Agro-Ecosystem, Environmental Ecology Division, National Academy of Agricultural Science, RDA) ;
  • Kang, Kee-Kyung (Agro-Ecosystem, Environmental Ecology Division, National Academy of Agricultural Science, RDA) ;
  • Lee, Deog-Bae (Agro-Ecosystem, Environmental Ecology Division, National Academy of Agricultural Science, RDA)
  • 방혜선 (국립농업과학원 기후변화생태과) ;
  • 나영은 (국립농업과학원 기후변화생태과) ;
  • 정명표 (국립농업과학원 기후변화생태과) ;
  • 김명현 (국립농업과학원 기후변화생태과) ;
  • 한민수 (국립농업과학원 기후변화생태과) ;
  • 강기경 (국립농업과학원 기후변화생태과) ;
  • 이덕배 (국립농업과학원 기후변화생태과)
  • Published : 2009.09.30

Abstract

The effect of earthworm and dung beetle on cattle dung pat decomposition was assessed by combining quantification of earthworm density and with or without dung beetle in pats and measurements of the decomposition rate of these pats. Cattle dung decomposition rate was higher in the pots treated with both earthworm and dung beetle than in the pots with either earthworm or beetle alone. After dung beetle and earthworm activity, the growth of oat in earthworm with dung beetle treatment was similar effect with fertilizer treatment. Dung beetle was responsible for dung decomposition until 78% moisture content in the dung, earthworm was responsible for up to 30% moisture of dung, and two group were not shown any activity for decomposition less 30% moisture content of dung. Therefore dung in the different periods could be broken down by each group. The disappearance and conveyance of dung by earthworm and dung beetle was 72% of the initial dung amount. 10.2% of 72% dung was used making brood balls by dung beetle. Earthworm activity was not an impediment on making brood balls by dung beetles. The interaction of earthworm and dung beetle may have a complementary cooperation rather than competition in the same dung pat. Indeed, development of earthworm accelerate to coexist with dung beetles instead without dung beetles. From this result, maximum benefits of the effective earthworm and dung beetle can be achieved, it is needed to preserve population of earthworm and dung beetles in pasture to sustainable agricultural environment.

Keywords

Decomposition;interaction;dung beetle;earthworm

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