A Study on Current Status of Detection Technology and Establishment of National Detection Regime against Nuclear/Radiological Terrorism

핵테러/방사능테러 탐지 기술 현황 및 국내 탐지체계 구축 방안에 관한 연구

  • Kwak, Sung-Woo (Korea Institute of Nuclear Non-proliferation and Control) ;
  • Jang, Sung-Soon (Korea Institute of Nuclear Non-proliferation and Control) ;
  • Lee, Joung-Hoon (Korea Institute of Nuclear Non-proliferation and Control) ;
  • Yoo, Ho-Sik (Korea Institute of Nuclear Non-proliferation and Control)
  • Published : 2009.09.30

Abstract

Since 1990s, some events - detection of a dirty bomb in a Russian nation park in 1995, 9/11 terrorist attack to WTC in 2001, discovery of Al-Qaeda's experimentation to build a dirty bomb in 2003 etc - have showed that nuclear or radiological terrorism relating to radioactive materials (hereinafter "radioactive materials" is referred to as "nuclear material, nuclear spent fuel and radioactive source") is not incredible but serious and credible threat. Thus, to respond to the new threat, the international community has not only strengthened security and physical protection of radioactive materials but also established prevention of and response to illicit trafficking of radioactive materials. In this regard, our government has enacted or revised the national regulatory framework with a view to improving security of radioactive materials and joined the international convention or agreement to meet this international trend. For the purpose of prevention of nuclear/radiological terrorism, this paper reviews physical characteristics of nuclear material and existing detection instruments used for prevention of illicit trafficking. Finally, national detection regime against nuclear/radiological terrorism based on paths of the smuggled radioactive materials to terrorist's target building/area, national topography and road networks, and defence-in-depth concept is suggested in this paper. This study should contribute to protect people's health, safety and environment from nuclear/radiological terrorism.

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