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Association between hair mineral and age, BMI and nutrient intakes among Korean female adults

  • Hong, Se-Ra (Department of Food & Nutrition, Sungshin Women's University) ;
  • Lee, Seung-Min (Department of Food & Nutrition, Sungshin Women's University) ;
  • Lim, Na-Ri (Department of Food & Nutrition, Sungshin Women's University) ;
  • Chung, Hwan-Wook (UB Women's Clinic) ;
  • Ahn, Hong-Seok (Department of Food & Nutrition, Sungshin Women's University)
  • Published : 2009.09.30

Abstract

This study was performed to investigate the association between hair mineral levels and nutrient intakes, age, and BMI in female adults who visited a woman's clinic located in Seoul. Dietary intakes were assessed by food frequency questionnaire and mineral levels were measured in collected hairs, and the relationship between these was examined. The average daily nutrient intakes of subjects were compared to those of the KDRIs, and the energy intake status was fair. The average intake of calcium in women of 50 years and over was 91.35% of KDRls and the potassium intake was greatly below the recommended levels in all age groups. In the average hair mineral contents in subjects, calcium and copper exceeded far more than the reference range while selenium was very low with 85.19% of subjects being lower than the reference value. In addition, the concentrations of sodium, potassium, iron, and manganese in the hair were below the reference ranges in over 15% of subjects. The concentrations of sodium, chromium, sulfur, and cadmium in the hair showed positive correlations (P < 0.05) with age, but the hair zinc level showed a negative correlation (P < 0.05) with age. The concentrations of sodium, potassium, chromium, and cadmium in the hair showed positive correlations (P < 0.05) with BMI. Some mineral levels in subjects of this study showed significant correlations with nutrient intakes, but it seems that the hair mineral content is not directly influenced by each mineral intake. As described above, some hair mineral levels in female adults deviated from the normal range, and it is considered that nutritional intervention to control the imbalance of mineral nutrition is required. Also, as some correlations were shown between hair mineral levels and age, BMI, and nutrient intakes, the possibility of utilizing hair mineral analysis for specific purposes in the future is suggested.

Keywords

Hair minerals;nutrient intakes;age;body mass index;Korean female adults

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