Study of Consolidation of Excavated Fabric with Golden Thread

출토 금직물의 강화처리에 관한 연구

  • Hong, Moon-Kyung (Dept. of Clothing Science, Seoul Women's University) ;
  • Bae, Soon-Wha (Dept. of Clothing Science, Seoul Women's University) ;
  • Lee, Mee-Sik (Dept. of Clothing Science, Seoul Women's University)
  • 홍문경 (서울여자대학교 의류학과) ;
  • 배순화 (서울여자대학교 의류학과) ;
  • 이미식 (서울여자대학교 의류학과)
  • Published : 2009.08.31


This study is on the consolidation process of the conservation process of fabric with golden thread found in relics. Gold film was glued to pieces of Korean paper and satin using hide glue, which is a natural adhesive and resin Paraloid B-72, which is a liquid type adhesive. This study examines the types and concentration of the adhesives that are appropriate for consolidating gold film on fabric. The advantage of hide glue is that it is harmless to humans and has a high stability. This glue is also believed to be the closest to the adhesive that was used when the relic was originally made. Its weakness is that it is stiff and weaker than chemical glues, but after being washed with water the adhesion level increases. Therefore, hide glue is appropriate in the following instances: a) when washing after consolidation b) when the substrate of gold threads are significantly damaged, and c) when treating greater sized relics that take a longer time to work on. However, Paraloid B-72 has a better adhesion and flexibility than hide glue, but tends to spread out into a greater area, and the area where it is applied tends to absorb less water than before the application. In addition, it is noxious and can be harmful in long-term exposure. Therefore, Paraloid-72 is appropriate in the following instances: a) when consolidating the fabric after washing, and b) when working on smaller relics and consolidating smaller parts of a relic. The necessary concentration levels for consolidants for gold film are 30% for liquid type hide glue and at least 10% for Paraloid B-72 in order for the gold film to stay intact on the fabric during washing, consolidation, exhibition, and conservation.


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  1. Comparative Study on Characteristic of Materials to Restore Traditional Gold Threads vol.30, pp.3, 2014,
  2. Study on the Sheet-Making of Hanji for the Reproduction of Traditional Gold Thread vol.46, pp.5, 2014,
  3. Scientific Analysis of Metal in Chinese and Korean Traditional Gold Thread vol.37, pp.6, 2013,