Multiple Perspectives on Knowledge Management : Social Network, Resource Dependency, and Institutionalization Theories

지식경영에 대한 제 접근 : 사회적 네트워크, 자원의존 및 제도화 이론을 중심으로

  • 문계완 (경북대학교 경영학부) ;
  • 김기환 (Southern Illinois University 경영학과) ;
  • 최석봉 (울산대학교 경영학부)
  • Received : 2009.01.29
  • Accepted : 2009.10.15
  • Published : 2009.12.01


The current study attempts to provide the field of knowledge management with theoretical grounds from the perspective of social network, resource dependency, and institutional theory. Social network theory considers that knowledge management plays a critical role in organizational innovation through the process of knowledge sharing/creation, communication systems, and a cooperative culture and trust, whereas resource dependency perceives knowledge management as contributing to cost reduction through the process of knowledge capture/storage, database systems, and reward/incentive systems. Plus, from the perspective of institutionalization, this study discusses that organizations can not benefit from knowledge management if it is adopted with the motive of isomorphic change. Finally, this study compares and integrates the three perspectives, and discusses the implications and limitations.