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Rheological Properties of Waxy Rice Starch-Gum Mixtures in Steady and Dynamic Shear

  • Kim, Do-Dan ;
  • Lee, Young-Seung ;
  • Yoo, Byoung-Seung
  • Published : 2009.09.30

Abstract

The effects of guar gum (GG) and xanthan gum (XG) at different concentrations (0, 0.2, 0.4, and 0.6% w/w) on the rheological properties of Korean waxy rice starch (WRS) pastes were evaluated under both steady and dynamic shear conditions. The flow properties of WRS-gum mixtures were determined from the rheological parameters of the power law model. The addition of GG and XG to WRS resulted in an increase in the apparent viscosity ($\eta_{a,100}$) and consistency index (K) values obtained from power law model. The flow behavior index (n) values of the WRS-XG mixtures decreased with an increase in gum concentration while there was only a marginal difference between n values for the WRS-GG mixtures. Dynamic moduli (G', G", and $\eta^*$) values in the WRS-gum mixture systems also increased with an increase in gum concentration. WRS-XG mixtures had higher dynamic moduli and lower tan $\delta$ (ratio of G"/G') values than WRS-GG mixtures, indicating that the higher dynamic rheological properties of WRS-XG can be attributed to an increase in the viscoelasticity of the continuous phase in the starch-gum mixture systems, which was due to the higher viscoleastic properties of XG compared to GG. The dynamic ($\eta^*$) and steady shear ($\eta_a$) viscosities of the WRS-XG paste at a 0.2% gum concentration followed the Cox-Merz superposition rule.

Keywords

rheology;waxy rice starch;guar gum;xanthan gum;dynamic moduli;Cox-Merz rule

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