동결-융해 풍화에 의한 원주지역 쥬라기 화강암의 지질공학적 특성변화

Variation of Engineering Geological Characteristics of Jurassic Granite in Wonju Due to Freeze-Thaw Weathering

  • 엄정기 (부경대학교 에너지자원공학과) ;
  • 우익 (군산대학교 해양건설공학과) ;
  • 박혁진 (세종대학교 지구정보공학과)
  • Um, Jeong-Gi (Dept. of Energy Resources Engineering, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Woo, Ik (Dept. of Coastal Construction Engineering, Kunsan National University) ;
  • Park, Hyuck-Jin (Dept. of Geoinformation Engineering, Sejong University)
  • 발행 : 2009.06.28

초록

이 연구는 강원도 원주시 일대에 분포하는 쥬라기 화강암에 대하여 동결-융해 시험을 수행하고 동결-융해 반복 횟수의 증가에 따른 암석의 물리 역학적 특성변화를 고찰하였다. 동결-융해의 한 사이클은 24시간이며 진공챔버에서 2시간동안 포화시킨 시료를 -20$\pm1^{\circ}C$로 8시간 동결하고 상온에서 14시간 동안 융해하였다. 동결-융해 시험 중에 물리적인 특성을 측정한 결과 탄성파 속도는 지속적으로 감소하였으며 흡수율은 증가히는 양상을 보였다. 시험 전 풍화등급이 높은 암석일수록 동결-융해에 따른 물성의 변화가 크며 풍화에 취약한 것으로 나타났다. 슬랩(slab) 시편에서 취득한 미세균열 트레이스의 길이 및 면적밀도는 지속적으로 증가하는 것으로 나타났다. 이는 지속적으로 감소하는 탄성파 속도의 특성과도 부합하며 암석 내부에 미세균열이 급격히 발현 확장하고 특히 광물 결정의 결합력이 약화되는 암석 풍화에 기인한 것으로 판단된다. 미세균열의 밀집도와 크기를 동시에 고려할 수 있는 박스 프랙탈 차원($D_B$)은 미세균열 트레이스의 변동성을 효과적으로 반영하며 중 장기적인 풍화 예측을 위한 새로운 풍화지수로 활용할 수 있을 것으로 기대된다.

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