Dependence of Nutrient Supplying Capacity on Chemical reactions of Paddy Soil

논토양 화학특성 변화와 양분공급력과의 관계

  • Kim, Yoo-Hak (Department of Agricultural Environment, National Academy of Agricultural Science (NAAS), RDA) ;
  • Kim, Myung-Sook (Department of Agricultural Environment, National Academy of Agricultural Science (NAAS), RDA) ;
  • Kang, Seong-Soo (Department of Agricultural Environment, National Academy of Agricultural Science (NAAS), RDA) ;
  • Jun, Hee-Joong (The Foundation of Agricultural Technology Commercialization & Transfer)
  • Received : 2009.06.12
  • Accepted : 2009.08.06
  • Published : 2009.12.28

Abstract

The practice of supplying nutrients for paddy soil with sustaining human health and ecological soundness is to utilize indicators considering soil chemical reactions. The long-term basis experiment of fertilizer and amendment of paddy soil and an experiment of yield response of soil types on nitrogen level from 2000 till 2002were used to search indicators of nutrient supplying capacity related to soil chemical reactions. Chemical reactions of paddy soil was composed of dissociating and/or adsorbing nutrients and of decomposing soil organic matter (SOM) into $H^+$, $e^-$, $CO_2$ in paddy soil. The indicators of nutrient supplying capacity, which were established by considering soil chemical reactions, were SOM or soil protein for nitrogen and available phosphate for phosphorus and cation exchangeable capacity (CEC) and exchangeable potassium for potassium. Korea has used fertilizer recommendation equations established with the indicators of nutrient supplying capacity for paddy soil.

Keywords

Nutrient supplying capacity;Soil chemical reactions;SOM;Available phosphate;CEC;Exchangeable cations