The study about occupational ability of dental hygiene department students required of the dental clinics

치과병의원에서 요구하는 치위생과 졸업생들의 직업능력에 관한 연구

  • Kim, Jung (Dept. of Dental hygiene, Suwon Women's College) ;
  • Um, June-Young (21st Century Economy & Society Institute)
  • 김정 (수원여자대학 치위생과) ;
  • 엄준영 (21세기경제사회연구소)
  • Received : 2009.05.25
  • Accepted : 2009.12.23
  • Published : 2009.12.30

Abstract

Objectives : This study is aimed to help the dental hygiene department students to improve their adaptive ability to the field work by letting them know the performing levels required of the job world, by renovating the knowledge-centered curriculum, and by finding out the core competencies needed for successfully performing their duties and tasks in the work field. Methods : The survey tool was recomposed through the examination of the preceeding studies on basic vocational competencies and skills, and the survey has been done to 200 dentists in Seoul and Gyunggi provice. Results : 1. As for the job-getting routs, 35.1% of them finds their jobs through the job portal sites, and 21.3% through the recommendation by professors. So we can see the meaningful difference in the employment ways. 2. Dental hygiene clinics think that the purpose of their cooperation with the colleges is mainly to secure human resources by requiring the colleges to give field-centered education the colleges through. 3. The clinics for dental hygienic students' field learning have a great power for hiring the students. So it is necessary to set up a good management system of the clinics for dental hygienic students' field learning in order to reinforce the students' competitive power in getting jobs. 4. The priorities in basic working abilities needed for the task performance are in the order of vocational responsibility, self-managing & developing ability, interpersonal skill, and problem solving ability. 5. The core competencies required of those who graduate from dental hygiene school show the following scores by Likert measurement; good personality and vocational consciousness 2.16(${\pm}.677$), understanding power of major-related knowledge 2.19(${\pm}.723$), field adapting ability 2.31(${\pm}.748$), get-along-with ability 2.32(${\pm}.799$), interpersonal skill 2.42(${\pm}.768$), and self-development ability such as getting certificates 2.43(${\pm}.729$). Among the core competencies, the only meaningful factor which influences on their satisfaction measurement has been identified as the professional ability related to the major. Conclusions : The results suggest that the knowledge and skill related to the major are core competencies of able human resources and closely related with the professionality of the job, and so they are very important. However, job basic abilities are also proved to be important, which reinforce the students' activeness, self-regulation, and creativeness, and help them to pursue their lasting growth in their abilities.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 수원여자대학

References

  1. 안승준. 인적자원개발을 위한 직업교육과 기업의 연계. 한국직업능력개발원 제7차 KRIVET HRD 정책포럼 발표;2001.
  2. 전국경제인연합회. 기업이 바라는 대학 교과과정 조사결과 및 이의 활용방안. 조사연구자료 ECO 2003:15.
  3. 한국인력개발본부. 기업 CEO들 대학교육 만족도 그만저만. 산업교육 2005:121.
  4. 이무근. 직업능력인증제 도입을 위한 정책연구. 교육부 정책연구과제 보고서, 1997.
  5. 정철영, 나승일, 서우석 외 2인. 직업기초능력의 영역분류 및 하위요소추출. 직업교육연구 1998;17:15-38.
  6. 강경종, 이건남. 직업기초능력 함양을 위한 전문대학 교양교육과정개발 방안. 한국직업능력개발원. 직업교육연구 2003;22:79-113.
  7. 배은영. 직업기초능력 함양을 위한 교육과정 개편방향에 관한 연구. 계명대학교 대학원 석사학위논문, 2003.
  8. 이정표, 박윤희, 홍선이. 기업의 직업기초능력 교육훈련 실태와 과제. 한국직업능력개발원, 2004.
  9. 전성연, 이흔정. 교육과정의 이해. 학지사;2002.
  10. 정철영, 나승일, 서우석 외 2인. 직업기초능력에 관한 국민 공통 기본교육과정 분석. 한국직업능력개발원;1998.
  11. 조정윤. 국가직무능력표준 사업과 전문대학교육. 한국전문대학교육연구학회 2002년도 하계학술대회 2002;15-45.
  12. 이학식, 임지훈. SPSS 12.0 매뉴얼. 법문사;2008.