Implementation of IEEE 1451 based Dual CAN Module for Fault Tolerance of In-Vehicle Networking System

차량 네트워크 시스템의 결함 허용을 위한 IEEE 1451 기반 중복 CAN 모듈의 구현

  • 이종갑 (부산대학교 기계공학부) ;
  • 김만호 (대구경북과학기술원 공공원천기술연구센터) ;
  • 박지훈 (부산대학교 기계공학부) ;
  • 이석 (부산대학교 기계공학부) ;
  • 이경창 (부경대학교 전기제어공학부)
  • Published : 2009.07.01


As many systems depend on electronics in an intelligent vehicle, concern for fault tolerance is growing rapidly. For example, a car with its braking controlled by electronics and no mechanical linkage from brake pedal to calipers of front tires(brake-by-wire system) should be fault tolerant because a failure can come without any warning and its effect is devastating. In general, fault tolerance is usually designed by placing redundant components that duplicate the functions of the original module. In this way a fault can be isolated, and safe operation is guaranteed by replacing the faulty module with its redundant and normal module within a predefined interval. In order to make in-vehicle network fault tolerant, this paper presents the concept and design methodology of an IEEE 1451 based dual CAN module. In addition, feasibility of the dual CAN network was evaluated by implementing the dual CAN module.


  1. 이경창,김만호,이석, '비전 기반 스마트 와이퍼 시스템을 위한 지능형 레인 센싱 알고리즘 개발,'제어,자동화,시스템공학 논문지, vol. 10, no. 7, pp.649-657, 2004
  2. K. S. Yi and J. T. Chung, 'Nonlinear brake control for vehicle CW/CA system,' IEEF/ASME Transaction on Mechatronics, vol. 6 no. 1,pp. 17-25,2001
  3. 김만호, 손병점, 이석, 이경창, '분산형 실시간 제어 시스템을 위한 TTP 네트워크 시스템의 구현,' 제어, 자동화,시스템공학 논문지, vol. 13, no.6, pp.596-602, 2007
  4. A. Broggi, 'Intelligent vehicle applications worldwide,' IEEE Intelligent Systems, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 78-81,2000
  5. L. Figueiredo, I. Jesus, J.A.T. Machado, J. R. Rerreira, and J. L. Martines de Carvalho, 'Towards the development of intelligent transportation systems,' 2001 IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference Proceedings, pp. 1206-1211, 2001
  6. M. S. Shin, W. T. Lee, S. Y. Han, and M. H. Sunwoo, 'Development of a body network system with OSEK/VDX standards and CAN protocol,' Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 175-180, 2002
  7. G. Cena, L. Durante, and A. Valenzano, 'A new CAN-like field network based on a star topology,' Computer Standards & Interfaces, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 209-222, 2001
  8. 이석, 김만호, 이경창 '차량 네트워크 기술 동향,' 한국정밀공학회지, vol.23, no. 9, pp. 7-14, 2006
  9. R. Isermann, R. Schwarz, and S. Stolzl, 'Fault-tolerant drive-by-wire systems,' IEEE Control Systems Magazine, vol. 22, no. 5,pp. 64-81, 2002
  10. H. K. Sung, S. H. Lee, and Z. Bien, 'Design and implementation of a fault tolerant controller for EMS systems,' Mechatronics, vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1253-1272,2005
  11. M. H. Kim, S. Lee, and K. C. Lee, 'Predictive hybrid redundancy using exponential smoothing method for safety critical systems,' International Journal of Control, Automation and Systems, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 126-134,2008
  12. R. T. Bannatyne, 'Advances and challenges in electronic braking control technology,' SAE Technical Paper, 1998
  13. E. Dilger, T. Fuhrer, B. Muller, and S. Poledna, 'The X-By-Wire Concept: Time-triggered infonnation exchange and fail silence support by new system sevices,' SAE Technical Paper, 1998
  14. 'IEEE Standard for a Smart Transducer Interface for Sensors and Actuators - Transducer to Microprocessor Communication Protocols under Transducer Electronic Data Sheet (TEDS) Fonnat,' IEEE Std 1451.2, 1997
  15. 'IEEE Standard for a Smart Transducer Interface for Sensors and Actuators - Network Capable Application Processor Infonnation Model,' IEEE Std 1451.1, 1999
  16. K. B. Lee and R. D. Schneeman, 'Internet-based distributed measurement and control applications,' IEEE Instrumentation & Measurement Magazine, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 23-27, 1999
  17. E. J. Manders, L. A. Barford, and G. Biswas, 'An approach for fault detection and isolation in dynamic systems from distributed measurements,' IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 235-240, 2002
  18. K. C. Lee, M. H. Kim, and S. Lee, 'Development of lEEE 1451 based smart module for in-vehicle networking systems,' Transactions of KSAE, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 155-163,2003