Contribution of Soil Pysico-chemical Properties to Fruit Quality of 'Campbell Early' Grapes in the Vineyards

포도 '캠벨얼리' 품질에 미치는 토양이화학성의 상대적 기여도

  • Kim, Seung-Heui (Fruit Research Division, National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, RDA) ;
  • Choi, In-Myung (Fruit Research Division, National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, RDA) ;
  • Yun, Seok-Kyu (Fruit Research Division, National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, RDA) ;
  • Cho, Jung-Gun (Fruit Research Division, National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, RDA) ;
  • Lim, Tae-Jun (Horticultural & Herbal Crop Environment Division, National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, RDA) ;
  • Yun, Hae-Keun (Department of Horticultural Science, Yeungnam University)
  • 김승희 (국립원예특작과학원 과수과) ;
  • 최인명 (국립원예특작과학원 과수과) ;
  • 윤석규 (국립원예특작과학원 과수과) ;
  • 조정건 (국립원예특작과학원 과수과) ;
  • 임태준 (국립원예특작과학원 원예특작환경과) ;
  • 윤해근 (영남대학교 원예학과)
  • Received : 2009.04.16
  • Accepted : 2009.06.02
  • Published : 2009.06.30

Abstract

'Campbell Early', a major grape cultivar, occupies more than 70% of cultivated vineyard areas, however, recommendable standard management system of soil environmental conditions has not been developed yet in Korea. The consideration for the correlation between fruit quality and soil condition in the vineyard is required in the efficient management system of soil. This study was carried out to investigate the optimum soil environmental conditions for 'Campbell Early' grape production with high quality. The results from analyses of correlation between them were used to develop soil management guideline for promoting efficiency in grape production. Soil properties were analyzed from 120 vineyards in Hawsung, Sangju, Yeongdong, Gimcheon, Yeongju, and Yeongwol, major grape production regions. Because there is neither coloring disorder nor delayed coloration in grape production of 'Campbell Early', relative contribution of soil hardness and solid phase to fruit quality and fruit weight was analyzed. Among the soil properties, while cation and soil hardness affected sugar content at the level of 39.3% and 36.8%, respectively, saturated hydraulic conductivity, solid phase, and cation exchange capacity (CEC) showed relatively low contribution to sugar content in the vineyard. The sugar content in grapes was influenced more critically by the chemical properties than the physical ones in the soil of vineyards. While soil hardness and solid phase affected grape weight at the level of 27.8% and 26.0%, respectively, phosphate content, organic matter content, and cation showed low contribution to grape weight. Grape guality such as sugar content and grape weight was affected highly by cation and organic matters. Therefore, cation and organic matter content of soil contributed to fruit quality at the level of 33.8% and 15.5%, respectively, in the vineyard.

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