Relationship between Water Stable Aggregate and Macroporosity in Upland Soils Calculated by Fragmentation Fractal Dimension

파쇄프랙탈차원을 이용한 밭토양 내수성입단과 대공극률의 관계 평가

  • 한경화 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원) ;
  • 조현준 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원) ;
  • 이협성 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원) ;
  • 허승오 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원) ;
  • 하상건 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원)
  • Received : 2009.01.17
  • Accepted : 2009.02.10
  • Published : 2009.02.28

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to investigate the aggregate fragmentation in wet-sieving and to evaluate the relationship between the aggregate fragmentation fractal dimension and macro-porosity of upland soils, using three different textural types of soils including Gopyeng series (Fine, Typic Hapludalfs), Gyuam series (Fine silty over coarse silty, Fluvaquentic Eutrudepts), and Jungdong series (Coarse loamy, Typic Udifluvents) located in Gyeonggi province. Undisturbed soil samples with five replicates were seasonally sampled and used for measuring water stable aggregate, macropores, and physico-chemical properties of soils. The aggregate stability in wet-sieving was digitalized as three types of fragmentation fractal dimension ($D_f$), geometric mean diameter (GMD), and mean weight diameter (MWD). $D_f$ had higher correlation with GMD than with MWD. Seasonal aggregate stability showed the highest values in summer, and decreased in the order of spring and autumn. The macroporosity had higher in topsoil, in autumn, and in ridge, than in plow pan layer, in summer, and in row, respectively. The relationship between $D_f$ and macroporosity, especially more than 99 m, showed high correlation only in soils with $D_f$ less than 3.1, which means more aggregated soils compared to soils with $D_f$ more than 3.1. Besides, in the soils with the fractal dimension less than 3.1, the power function relation between saturated hydraulic conductivity and macroporosity more than 99 m had relatively high determinant coefficient, and vice versa. Therefore, it could be thought that fragmentation fractal dimension is available for confirming macroporosity induced from aggregation.

Keywords

Water stable aggregate;Fragmentation fractal dimension;Mean weight diameter;Geometric mean diameter;Macroporosity;Saturated hydraulic conductivity

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