유기자원에 따른 양분수지 및 작물생산

Nutrient Balance and Vegetable Crop Production as Affected by Different Sources of Organic Fertilizers

  • Agus, Fahmuddin (Indonesian Soil Research Institute) ;
  • Setyorini, Diah (Indonesian Soil Research Institute) ;
  • Hartatik, Wiwik (Indonesian Soil Research Institute) ;
  • Lee, Sang-Min (National Academy of Agricultural Science (NAAS) RDA) ;
  • Sung, Jwa-Kyung (National Academy of Agricultural Science (NAAS) RDA) ;
  • Shin, Jae-Hoon (National Academy of Agricultural Science (NAAS) RDA)
  • 투고 : 2008.12.28
  • 심사 : 2009.01.23
  • 발행 : 2009.02.28

초록

농경지내 유입된 다양한 양분원의 양분수지에 대한 정보는 농경지의 지속성을 평가하는데 매우 중요한 요인이다. 본 연구는 질소, 인산 및 칼리의 양분수지를 알아보기 위하여 2005년부터 2007년까지 5작기 동안 인도네시아 서자바섬 Eutric Hapludand에 있는 채소유기재배포장에서 수행되었다. 유기자원으로 우분, 염소분, 계분 및 마분 등 가축분퇴비, 티토니아, 식물잔사 및 크로타라리아 등 10개의 처리를 완전임의구획배치 3반복으로 하였으며, 유기자원의 시용량은 작물반응에 따라 매 작기별로 달리 처리되었다. 가축분퇴비를 ha당 20톤 이상 시용하였을 때, 질소, 인산 및 칼리에 대하여 양의 양분수지를 보였다. 식물잔사를 ha당 20~25톤 또는 티토니아 퇴비를 ha당 5톤 시용하였을 때, 칼리는 음의 양분수지를 나타냈다. 토양 중 유효인산함량은 ha당 25톤 이상의 가축분 퇴비처리에서 증가하였으며, 특히 계분퇴비구에서 가장 높게 나타났다. 결국, 작물의 수량은 질소, 인산 및 칼리함량이 높았던 계분퇴비구에서 가장 높았으며, 식물잔사처리구에서 가장 낮았다. 가축분퇴비의 ha당 12.5톤 시용, 가축분퇴비(12.5톤/ha)와 티토니아 혼합처리 및 티토니아와 식물잔사 혼합퇴비처리구의 작물수량은 ha당 25톤의 가축분퇴비를 시용한 처리구와 비교하였을 때 현저히 감소하는 경향을 보였다. 장기적인 관점으로 볼 때, ha당 25톤의 우분, 염소분 및 마분퇴비 또는 ha당 20톤의 계분퇴비 시용은 유기농 채소생산을 위해 필요로 하는 토양의 비옥도를 유지하는 것으로 판단되었다.

키워드

Nutrient balance;vegetable crops;barnyard manure;organic farming;Andisol

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