Nutrient Balance and Vegetable Crop Production as Affected by Different Sources of Organic Fertilizers

유기자원에 따른 양분수지 및 작물생산

  • Agus, Fahmuddin (Indonesian Soil Research Institute) ;
  • Setyorini, Diah (Indonesian Soil Research Institute) ;
  • Hartatik, Wiwik (Indonesian Soil Research Institute) ;
  • Lee, Sang-Min (National Academy of Agricultural Science (NAAS) RDA) ;
  • Sung, Jwa-Kyung (National Academy of Agricultural Science (NAAS) RDA) ;
  • Shin, Jae-Hoon (National Academy of Agricultural Science (NAAS) RDA)
  • Received : 2008.12.28
  • Accepted : 2009.01.23
  • Published : 2009.02.28

Abstract

Understanding the net nutrient balance in a farming system is crucial in assessing the system's sustainability. We quantified N, P and K balances under vegetable organic farming in a Eutric Haplud and in West Java, Indonesia in five planting seasons from 2005 to 2007. The ten treatments and three replications, arranged in a completely randomized block design, included single or combined sources of organic fertilizers: barnyard manure, compos ts or green manures. The organic matter rates were adjusted every planting season depending on the previous crop responses. The result sshowed that the application of ${\geq}20$ t $ha^{-1}$ barnyard manure per crop resulted in positive balances of N, P, and K, except in the second crops of 2006 where potassium balance were -25 to -11 kg $ha^{-1}$ under the treatments involving cattle barnyard manure, because of low K content of these treatments and high K uptake by Chinese cabbage. Application of 20 to 25 t $ha^{-1}$ of plant residue or 5 t $ha^{-1}$ of Tithonia compost also resulted in a negative K balance. Soil available P increased significantly under ${\geq}25$ t $ha^{-1}$ barnyard manure and that under chicken manure had the highest available P. Accordingly, chicken barnyard manure gave the highest crop yield because of relatively higher N, P, and K contents. Plant residues gave the lowest yield due to the lowest nutrient content among all sources. Reducing the use of barnyard manure to 12.5 t $ha^{-1}$ and substituting it with Tithonia compost, Tithonia green manure or vegetable plant residue compost gave insignificantly different yield compared to the application of 25 t $ha^{-1}$ barnyard manure singly. In the long run, application of 25 t ha-1 cattle, goat, and horse manure or about 20 t $ha^{-1}$ chicken manure is recommendable for sustaining the fertility of this Andisol for vegetable production.

Keywords

Nutrient balance;vegetable crops;barnyard manure;organic farming;Andisol

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