Public Safety Comparative Analysis for Night Park Users (1994/2008)

야간공원 이용자 공공안전성평가(1994/2008) 비교분석

  • Lee, Jong-Sung (Division of Agronomy and Horticulture, Sangji University) ;
  • Lee, Duck-Jae (Department of Forest Resources, Daegu University)
  • 이종성 (상지대학교 친환경식물학부) ;
  • 이덕재 (대구대학교 산림자원학과)
  • Published : 2009.05.31


This study aims to find out negative factors against public safety in urban parks. Longitudinal data between 1994 and 2008 were analyzed to suggest management implication for high quality security and safety in urban park. Results are summarized as follows. Firstly, investigation of visitor to the park at night reveals that visitors who were elderly, walking out, and family group increased, and that most visitors took a stroll for one hour around 8:00pm. Olympic park (e.g. leisure facility 66.7%), Hyo-won park (e.g. vacant lot 23.8%), Jang-an park (e.g. near hedge 30.1%), and Mae-tan park (e.g. leisure facility 20.8%) were revealed as latent places of serious criminals. Secondly, both in 1994 and in 2008, principal factors of public safety were summarized as fear for violence(X1) and fear for closed space(X3). These factors took 3.22 followed by 3.07 respectively in the overall mean of public safety of parks. Thirdly, overall mean of public safety takes 2.22 in 1994 and 2.96 in 2008, which shows uncertainty of effective management of facilities with a viewpoint of visitors. All parks shows negative trend in public safety, in short.


  1. 노재현, 김덕삼, 김형율, 1991, 도시공원녹지의 유치율 변화에 관한 기초연구, 조경논총, 경희대학교부설 조경 계획 연구소, 4(1), 35-46
  2. 김세천, 허준, 1992, 전주시 도시공원의 이용행태 분석 및 관리실태에 관한 만족도 평가에 관한 연구, 한국조경학회지, 20(2), 90-105
  3. 박전자, 1990, 주거단지 계획의 원리 및 방법론, 세진사, 16-196
  4. Maslow A. H., 1970, Motivation and Personality
  5. 노재현, 허준, 안득수, 1995, 도시공원야간이용자의 공공안전성 제고를 위한 요인정합성 평가, 한국조경학회지, 23(2), 214
  6. Schroeder, H. W. & L. H. Anderson, 1984, Perception of Personal Safety in Urban Recreation Sites, J. of Leisure Research, 16(2), 178-194
  7. 이종성, 1995, 야간공원이용자의 공공안전성 평가 에 관한 연구, 석사학위논문, 조경학과, 경희대학교, 수원
  8. Joseph N., Clark M., 1977, Eye Contact with Strangers in City, Suburb, and Small Town, Environment and Behavior, 9(4), 547-557
  9. Loewen L. J., Steel G. D., Feld P. S., 1993, Perceived Safety from Crime in the Urban Environment, J. of Environmental Psychology, 13, 323-331
  10. Sheldon C., Anne L., 1977, Noise and Inattentiveness to Social Cues, Environment and Behavior, 19(4), 559-572
  11. Crump S. L., Nunes D. L., Crossman E. K., 1977, The Effects of Litter on Littering Behavior in a Forest Environment, Environment and Behavior, 9(1), 137-147
  12. 최연철, 김진선, 2000, 근린공원의 주야간 이용행태에 관한 기초적 연구, 도시.지역 개발 연구,8(1), 191-211
  13. 김준현, 2000, 여의도 공원 야간이용자 행태 및 만족도,석사학위논문,조경학과,성균관대학교,수원
  14. 이미숙, 2007, 야간 활동 증대에 따른 근린공원이용자의 주야간 이용행태 특성 및 인식에 관한 연구, 석사학위논문, 도시건축설계학, 한양대학교, 서울
  15. 주희영, 1999, 도시공원 조명설계에 관한 연구, 석사학위논문, 조경학과, 서울대학교 대학원, 수원
  16. 이승원, 장우진, 홍석기, 2005, 야간조명 실태 연구, 한국조명 전기설비 학회지, 11, 189-193
  17. Conners E. F. I., 1976, Public Safety in Park and Recreation Setting, Park and Recreation, 11(1), 20-21
  18. Ruddel E. J., Gramann J. J., Rudis V. A., Westphal J. M., 1989, The Psychological Utility of Visual peneration in Near-View Forest Science-Beauty Models, J. of Environment and Behavior, 21(4), 393-412