DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Comparison of Proven and Young Holstein Bulls for Major Economic Traits

홀스타인 젖소의 주요 경제형질에 대한 보증종모우와 후보종모우의 능력 비교

  • 최유림 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원) ;
  • 조광현 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원) ;
  • 전병순 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원) ;
  • 백광수 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원) ;
  • 박병호 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원) ;
  • 임현주 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원) ;
  • 김효선 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원) ;
  • 조주현 (농협중앙회 젖소개량사업소) ;
  • 안병석 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원) ;
  • 김내수 (충북대학교)
  • Received : 2008.11.12
  • Accepted : 2009.04.20
  • Published : 2009.04.01

Abstract

The Objective of this study was to compare performances of proven and young holstein bulls bred in Korea. Proven bulls are categorized into the imported and the korean ones. Data from 148,329 heads of daughters of 1,128 bulls from 1990 to 2004 were used in this study. Proven bulls showed higher milk yield than young bulls in same year. Young bulls, however, always yielded more milk than korean bulls when proven bulls were categorized into the imported and the korean ones. Hence, it was proven that dairy bull selection program had properly been functioned in Korea. Selected bulls, which were korean proven bulls and young bulls, yielded higher milk fat than imported bulls as the selection was weighted on the yield of the milk fat. This comparison was based on the performances of daughters without the consideration of the semen price. Semen price of the imported proven bulls were higher than the korean proven bulls and the semen of young bulls was free. Hence, the performances of korean bulls with the consideration of the preferential effect would be much higher than others, and further studies are necessary.

Keywords

Holstein;Proven bull;Young bull;Progeny test

References

  1. Abdallah, J. M. and McDaniel, B. T. 2000. Genetic change in milk, fat, days open, and body weight after calving based on three methods of sire selection. J. Dairy Sci. 83:1359. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(00)75003-X
  2. Abdallah, J. M. and McDaniel, B. T. 2002. Proven and young Holstein bulls compared for daughter yields, productive life, somatic cell score, and inbreeding. J. Dairy Sci. 85:665. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(02)74121-0
  3. Atagi, Y., Jasen, G. B. and Schaeffer., L. R. 1999. Impact of Japanese imported semen evaluations on international bull evaluations. Interbull Bulletin 22, p. 52.
  4. Freeman, A. E. 1975. Choosing and sampling young bulls: Theory background, and general problems. J. Dairy Sci. 58:1063. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(75)84679-0
  5. Loyd, B. M. and Hargrove, G. L. 1988. First lactation comparisons between daughters of summarized sires and sampling sires in artificial insemination. J. Dairy Sci. 71 (suppl. 1):235.
  6. McCraw, R. L., Butcher, R. and McDaniel, B. T. 1980. Progeny tested sires compared with pedigree selected young sires. J. Dairy Sci. 63:1342. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(80)83086-4
  7. McDaniel, B. T. and Bell, W. E. 1992. Experimental comparison of systems of selecting Holstein bulls. J. Dairy Sci. 75 (Suppl. 1):150.
  8. Meinert, T. R., Pearson, R. E. and Hoyt, R. S. 1992. Estimates of genetic trend in an artificial insemination progeny test program and their association with herd characteristics. J. Dairy Sci. 75:2254. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(92)77986-7
  9. Nizamani, A. H. and Berger, P. J. 1996. Estimates of genetic trend for yield traits of registered Jersey population. J. Dairy Sci. 79:487. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(96)76390-7
  10. Powell, R. L. and Norman, H. D. 1989. Genetic differences among categories of service sires. J. Dairy Sci. 72:1847. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(89)79302-4
  11. Vinson, W. E. and Freeman, A. E. 1972. Selection of Holstein bulls for future use in artificial insemination. J. Dairy Sci. 55:1621. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(72)85730-8
  12. Weigel, K. A. 1996. Impact of second-country data of foreign bulls on international evaluations of dairy bulls. J. Dairy Sci. 79:900. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(96)76439-1
  13. 국립축산과학원. 2008. 젖소유전능력평가보고서.