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Analysis for Linear Type Classification Scheme on Holstein Cows in Korea

국내 홀스타인종 젖소의 선형형질의 점수제 분석

  • 최태정 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원) ;
  • 조광현 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원) ;
  • 이기환 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원) ;
  • 상병찬 (충남대학교 낙농학과)
  • Received : 2008.08.07
  • Accepted : 2009.04.09
  • Published : 2009.04.01

Abstract

Complement of test standard, evaluation methods and models are needed to improve national competitiveness and to exchange superior genetic resources through the comparison of genetic evaluation score among nations in dairy cattle. Therefore, this study was conducted for the application of international standard to Korea considering domestic circumstance by changing linear-classification test score system of 50 classes which is currently used in Korea to system of 9 classes which is used in advanced nations of dairy. 15,230 of holstein cow linear type records with first parity records for the fifteen linear type and one total score from 2001 to 2006 and pedigree data which were collected by the Korean Animal Improvement Association were used in this study. Population classified by 9 levels was more normal distributed than 50 levels. Correlation coefficients between 50 and 9 score system showed over 0.98 by each classification scheme. Therefore, the 50 point system can be substituted with 9 point system due to their highly positive correlation. However, scores in all traits were still very contingent on classifier under the 9 point system (p<0.001), and F values between foot angle and front teat attachment showed high fluctuation depending on classifier. It means that subjective opinions of classifier would influence on linear type score as ever even if class scheme transformed to system of 9 class. Therefore, the relevance of transformation to the 9 point system should be assessed after analyses about various environmental factors.

Keywords

Linear type traits;Classification scheme;Conformation;Holstein cow

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