- Volume 51 Issue 3
DOI QR Code
Nutritional Value of Soybean Meal from Various Geographic Origin and Effect of Their Dietary Supplementation on Performance of Broilers
원산지가 다른 대두박의 영양적 가치평가와 육계의 생산성에 미치는 영향
- Lee, Bo-Keun (Animal Resources Research Center, College of Animal Bioscience and Technology, Konkuk University) ;
- Kim, Jae-Young (Animal Resources Research Center, College of Animal Bioscience and Technology, Konkuk University) ;
- Kim, Ji-Sook (Animal Resources Research Center, College of Animal Bioscience and Technology, Konkuk University) ;
- You, Sun-Jong (Animal Resources Research Center, College of Animal Bioscience and Technology, Konkuk University) ;
- An, Byoung-Ki (Animal Resources Research Center, College of Animal Bioscience and Technology, Konkuk University) ;
- Kim, Eun-Jib (Division of Animal Care, Cheonan Yonam College) ;
- Kang, Chang-Won (Animal Resources Research Center, College of Animal Bioscience and Technology, Konkuk University)
- 이보근 (건국대학교 동물생명과학대학 동물자원연구센터) ;
- 김재영 (건국대학교 동물생명과학대학 동물자원연구센터) ;
- 김지숙 (건국대학교 동물생명과학대학 동물자원연구센터) ;
- 유선종 (건국대학교 동물생명과학대학 동물자원연구센터) ;
- 안병기 (건국대학교 동물생명과학대학 동물자원연구센터) ;
- 김은집 (천안연암대학 동물복지계열) ;
- 강창원 (건국대학교 동물생명과학대학 동물자원연구센터)
- Received : 2009.03.09
- Accepted : 2009.06.08
- Published : 2009.06.01
This study was carried out to investigate the nutritional value of soybean meal (SBM) from various geographic origins and the effects of their dietary supplementation on performance of broiler chickens. Nutritional value of dehulled SBM originating from USA, and non-dehulled SBM from India (IND), Argentina (ARG) and Korea (KOR) were evaluated by analyzing chemical composition, urease activity (UA) and KOH solubility, and determining true metabolizable energy (TME), nitrogen corrected TME (TMEn) and true amino acid availability (TAAA). The contents of crude protein ranged from 45.43% (ARG) to 48.47% (USA) and those of crude fiber varied widely from 3.48% (USA) to 7.12% (IND). The measurements of lysine varied from 2.79% (IND) to 3.09% (USA) and those of methionine from 0.56% (IND) to 0.65% (USA). The values of TMEn varied from 2986.6 kcal/kg (IND) to 3228.9 kcal/kg (USA) and the averages of TAAA were from 91.61% (IND) to 92.27% (USA). UA was found to be from 0.02 (ARG) to 0.04 (KOR, USA) and those of KOH solubility from 73% (ARG) to 84% (USA). A total of four hundred 20-days-old male broiler chicks were divided into four groups and fed with isocaloric and isonitrogenous experimental diets containing 27.5% of SBM and same amounts of lysine and sulfur amino acids for 15 days. Final body weight and body weight gain were the highest in birds fed with SBM from USA and lowest in birds fed with SBM from IND although the differences were not statistically significant. The feed/gain in chicks fed diet containing SBM from USA was significantly improved (p<0.05) compared to those of the other groups. There were no significant differences in carcass characteristics and the concentration of total cholesterol in serum among the treatments. The results of in vitro assay and bioassay agreed with the performance of broiler chicks, and thus there were close correlation between the broiler performance and the measured nutritive values of SBM. In conclusion, dehulled SBM from USA was superior to non- dehulled SBM from ARG and IND with regard to nutritive values.
Dietary supplementation;Soybean meal;Broiler chickens
- Aburto, A., Vazquez, M. and Dale, N. M. 1998. Strategies for utilizing overprocessed soybean meal : I. Amino acid supplementation, choline content, and metabolizable energy. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 7:189-195.
- An, B. K., Im, H. J. and Kang, C. W. 2007. Nutritional values of red pepper seed oil meal and effects of its supplementation on performances and physiological responses of broiler chicks. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 20:971-975.
- Araba, M. and Dale, N. 1990. Evaluation of protein solubility as an indicator of overprocessing soybean meal. Poult. Sci. 69:76-83. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0690076
- Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 2000. Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 17th ed.
- Batal, A. B. and Parsons, C. M. 2003. Utilization of different soy products as affected by age in chicks. Poult. Sci. 82:454-462.
- Caskey, C. D. and Knapp, F. C. 1944. Method for detecting inadequately heated soybean oil meal. Ind. Eng. Chem. 16:641-642. https://doi.org/10.1021/i560134a021
- Dale, N. M., Araba, M. and Whittle, E. 1987. Protein solubility as an indicator of optimum processing of soybean meal. In : Proceedings Georgia Nutrition Conference, Athens, GA. pp 88-95.
- Duncan, D. B. 1955. Multiple range and multiple F test. Biometr., 11:1-42. https://doi.org/10.2307/3001478
- Eggum, B. O. and Beames, R. M. 1983. The nutritive value of seed proteins. In : Seed Proteins, Biochemistry, Genetics, Nutritive value. E. Gottschalk and H. P. Muller. pp 499-531.
- Green, S. and Kiener, T. 1989. Digestibilities of nitrogen and amino acids in soya-bean, sunflower, meat and rapeseed meals measured with pigs and poultry. Anim. Prod. 48:157-179. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003356100003895
- Joo, Y. J., Kang, K. R., Nham, K. T., Kang, C. W. and Jung, M. S. 1994. Evaluation of nutritional quality of soybean oil meals as poultry feedstuffs. Kor. J. Anim. Nutr. Feed. 18:340-345.
- Kang, C. W. 1993. Quality and evaluation of feedstuffs. 5th Short-Course on Feed Technology, Korean Society of Animal Nutrition and Feeds. pp 334-350.
- Kang, C. W. and Chae, B. J. 2001. A to Z on soybean meal. American Soybean Association.
- Lee, Heuisuck and Garlich, J. D. 1992. Effect of overcooked soybean meal on chicken performance and amino acid availability. Poult. Sci. 71:499-508. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0710499
- Likuski, H. J. A. and Dorrell, H. G. 1978. A bioassay for rapid determinations of amino acid availability values. Poult. Sci. 57:1658-1660. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0571658
- McNaughton, J. L., Reece, F. N. and Deaton, J. W. 1981. Relationships between color, trypsin inhibitor contents, and urease index of soybean meal and effects on broiler performance. Poult. Sci. 60:393-400. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0600393
- NRC, 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry, 9th ed. National Academy Press. Washington, D.C.
- SAS Institute. 2002. SAS/STAT User's Guide : Statistics. Version 9.1, 4th Edition. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC.
- Sibbald, I. R. 1979. A bioassay for amino acids and true metabolizable energy in feedingstuffs. Poult. Sci. 58:668-673. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0580668
- Vohra, P. and Kratzer, F. H. 1991. Evaluation of soybean meal determines adequacy of heat treatment. Feedstuffs 63:22-28.
- Whittle, E. and Araba, M. 1992. Sources of variability in the protein solubility assay for soybean meal. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 1:221-225.
- Wright, K. N. 1981. Soybean meal processing and quality control. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 19:294-303.
- The Use of Fermented Soybean Meals during Early Phase Affects Subsequent Growth and Physiological Response in Broiler Chicks vol.29, pp.9, 2016, https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.15.0653