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Effect of Immunoglobulin Y on Growth Performance and Blood Immunological Parameters in Holstein Calves

난황항체(IgY) 급여가 Holstein 송아지의 성장능력 및 면역관련 혈액 지표에 미치는 영향

  • Jung, Hee-Sung (Dept. of Animal Science & Biotechnology, Jinju National University) ;
  • Jung, Keun-Ki (Moksan Hanwoo Research Institute) ;
  • Jang, In-Surk (Dept. of Animal Science & Biotechnology, Jinju National University)
  • 정희승 (진주산업대학교 동물생명과학과) ;
  • 정근기 (동물생명산업센터, 목산한우연구소(사)) ;
  • 장인석 (진주산업대학교 동물생명과학과)
  • Received : 2009.07.16
  • Accepted : 2009.08.16
  • Published : 2009.08.01

Abstract

A total of fourteen, 1-wk-old male Holstein calves were allotted into two groups consisted of control (CON) and IGY which was orally administrated with immunoglobulin yolk (IgY) for 1wk. Calves in both groups were provided with milk replacer according to feeding program and had ad libitum access to timothy hay for the entire experimental period (7wks). At 0, 7 and 49 day of experiment, blood samples were collected from the jugular vein of calves to investigate blood biochemical profiles and the differential count (%) of white blood cell (WBC). We also monitored growth performance and colony forming unit (CFU) of fecal microbial population in calves. The adminstration of IgY in calves did not affect body weight and weight gain during 49 days feeding trial compared with control group. The CFU of E. coli and Lactobacilli in the feces of calves were not significantly affected by IgY treatment, whereas the score of the calf scours during day 43 to 49 in IgY group showed a significant (P<0.05) solid type. There were no differences in plasma biochemical components including total protein, albumin, immunoglobulin and the other indicators. As for WBC differential count (%), there was no statistical difference in the percentages of neutrophil, lymphocyte, monocyte, eosinophil and basophil at 0, 7 and 49 days after the oral supplementation of IgY. In conclusion, the oral supplementation of IgY as an immunostimulant did not affect growth performance, fecal microbial population, blood biochemical profile and WBC differential count in Holstein calves.

Keywords

Calves;IgY;WBC differential count;CFU

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