Seasonal and Regional Effects on Milk Composition of Dairy Cows in South Korea

  • Nam, Ki-Taeg (School of Animal life and Environmental Sciences, Hankyong National University) ;
  • Kim, Ki-Hyun (School of Animal life and Environmental Sciences, Hankyong National University) ;
  • Nam, In-Sik (Korea Livestock Products HACCP Accreditation Service) ;
  • Abanto, Oliver D. (School of Animal life and Environmental Sciences, Hankyong National University) ;
  • Hwang, Seong-Gu (School of Animal life and Environmental Sciences, Hankyong National University)
  • Received : 2009.11.06
  • Accepted : 2009.12.21
  • Published : 2009.12.01


For a period of over 6 years, more than 160,000 milk samples were collected and analyzed to determine the influence of different seasonal temperatures and geographic regional location on milk composition in South Korea. Fat, protein, lactose, non fat milk solids (NFMS) and total solids (TS) contents were significantly higher among dairy cows milked in winter season than other seasons (p<0.05). In contrast, freezing point (FP), milk urea nitrogen (MUN) and somatic cell count (SCC) were significantly higher in summer season than other seasons (p<0.05). The average SCC in the autumn season was $358{\times}10^3$/ml, which was lower than any other seasons (p<0.05). These results may be due to the changes in temperature during different seasons. Meanwhile, milk produced by dairy cows in central region had higher fat, protein, lactose, NFMS, TS and MUN and had lower SCC compared to other regions (p<0.05). Fat, TS, FP, MUN and citric acid in northeast region were lower than other regions (p<0.05). The SCC was significantly higher in southeast region than those of other regions (p<0.05). As a result, it might be possible that the differences in feeding management in each different region may affect the milk composition. In conclusion, present results indicated that milk composition is clearly influenced by both season and regional location. Therefore, based on these results, development of different feeding systems, according to season and region is needed to produce high quality and satiable milk production.


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