Characteristization of Spray Combustion and Turbulent Flame Structures in a Typical Diesel Engine Condition

디젤 엔진 운전 조건에서 분무 연소 과정과 난류 화염 구조 특성에 대한 해석

  • 이영재 (포항공과대학교 기계공학과) ;
  • 허강열 (포항공과대학교 기계공학과)
  • Received : 2009.09.03
  • Accepted : 2009.09.25
  • Published : 2009.09.30

Abstract

Simulation is performed to analyze the characteristics of turbulent spray combustion in a diesel engine condition. An extended Conditional Moment Closure (CMC) model is employed to resolve coupling between chemistry and turbulence. Relevant time and length scales and dimensionless numbers are estimated at the tip and the mid spray region during spray development and combustion. The liquid volume fractions are small enough to support validity of droplets assumed as point sources in two-phase flow. The mean scalar dissipation rates (SDR) are lower than the extinction limit to show flame stability throughout the combustion period. The Kolmogorov scales remain relatively constant, while the integral scales increase with decay of turbulence. The chemical time scale decreases abruptly to a small value as ignition occurs with subsequent heat release. The Da and Ka show opposite trends due to variation in the chemical time scale. More work is in progress to identify the spray combustion regimes.