Current Status of 119 EMT to Violence Experiences

119 구급대원이 경험하는 폭력에 대한 실태조사

  • 최은숙 (공주대학교 영상보건대학 보건학부 전문응급구조학전공, 공주대학교 건강산업연구소) ;
  • 김희정 (전남대학교대학원 의학과) ;
  • 조원민 (전라북도 고창소방서) ;
  • 강대훈 (중앙소방학교 교육기획과)
  • Received : 2009.10.20
  • Accepted : 2009.12.05
  • Published : 2009.12.31

Abstract

Purpose : The purpose of this study was to describe the current status of 119 EMT to violence experiences in Korea. Method : The number of 119 EMT in this study 2522. Self-administering questionnaire data were collected from April 27 to March 8 in 2009. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS 14.0 program. Real number, percentage, mean and standard deviation were calculated. Pearson correlation coefficient was analyzed. Result : 119 EMTs experienced 95.32%-verbal insults, 61.54%-violence aggression, 60.51%- potential violence, 38.70%-physical assault. Within 30 days from the most recent period of violence experienced verbal insults and violence aggression-51.07%, potential violence and physical assault-48.41%. The patients(50.59%) and the patients and patient's carers(38.26%) proved to be violent offender. The main reason of violent act was drug or alcohol addiction(56.15%). Recent exposure to violence was 34.82% by 7 point reward of stress level. 5-point scale showed the average of experiences of violence. Response average of emotional reactions was 2.66 points and that of physical reaction was 2.18 points. Social reaction was 2.06 points. Conclusion : This study was based on the violence experience of 119 EMT. It is necessary to prevent the violence from emergency scene. So we proposed the preventive measure against violence as well as critical incident stress debriefing(CISD). Policy for CISD and stress management will be implemented in the near future in Korea.

Keywords

violence;119 EMT;stress;reaction of violence experience