Comparison Before and After Emergency Patient Evaluation Education of Emergency Medical Technology Students and Its Effects on Their Technical Performance

응급구조(학)과 학생의 응급환자평가 교육 전·후 비교 및 술기 수행 능력에 미치는 영향

  • Park, Dae-Sung (Dept. of Emergency Medical Technology, Gwangju Health College University) ;
  • Chae, Min-Jeong (Dept. of Emergency Medical Technology, Seokang College University) ;
  • Park, Sang-Sub (Dept. of Emergency Medical Technology, Sungduk College University)
  • 박대성 (광주보건대학 응급구조과) ;
  • 채민정 (서강정보대학 응급구조과) ;
  • 박상섭 (성덕대학 응급구조과)
  • Received : 2009.10.28
  • Accepted : 2009.12.05
  • Published : 2009.12.31

Abstract

Purpose : This study compared before and after emergency patient evaluation education of the 1st graders at the department emergency medical technology(EMT) students, and analyzed its effects on patient evaluation ability after education. The aims of this study was to develop effective educational program and to provide basic materials for its educational method. Methods : This study was carried out by 66 first graders attending the department of emergency medical technology(EMT) at a college in G province and data were collected from Apr. 1 to 2, 2009. The questionnaire consisted of knowledge of emergent patient evaluation, academic self-efficacy, and technical performance after emergent patient evaluation education. We analyzed the influence of knowledge and academic self-efficacy on accurate technical performance with SPSS 14.0 version. Results : 1. In knowledge score, it was 9.27 before education and increased to 35.19 after education and that there was statistically significant difference. In academic self-efficacy, task difficulty preference scored 2.73 before education and 3.97 after education, self-control efficacy scored 2.84 before education and 4.05 after education, self-confidence scored 2.45 before education and 4.21 after education. There were statistically significant increases after education. Technical performance scored 0.00 before education, but it scored 18.78 after education and there was statistically significant increase after education. 2. In sex as one of general characteristics, self-confidence which was sub-factor of academic self-efficacy scored higher in male students(4.28) than in female students(4.10). There was statistically significant difference(p < 0.05). 3. Knowledge had positive correlation with self-control efficacy which was the sub-factor of academic self-efficacy(r = 0.249, p < 0.05) and self-confidence which is the sub-factor of academic self-efficacy had the positive correlation with technical performance(r = 0.258, p < 0.05). 4. Self-confidence which was the sub-factor of academic self-efficacy(B = 0.372, p < 0.05) had statistically significant influence on technical performance. ability of self-confidence to explain technical performance(R2) was 11.10%. Conclusion : From the results of this study, it is necessary that EMT students should learn professional first aid, accurate patient evaluation through self-efficacy development.

Keywords

Knowledge of emergency patient evaluation;Technical performance;Academic self-efficacy