DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Exposure of Organic Solvent Mixtures and Subjective Symptoms to Beauty-Salon Workers

미용실(Beauty salon) 근로자들의 유기용제 폭로와 자각증상에 관한 연구

  • Lee, Chang-Eun (Department of Cosmetology, Dongnam Health College) ;
  • Sim, Sang-Hyo (Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Hanyang University Medical Center)
  • 이창은 (동남보건대학 피부미용과) ;
  • 심상효 (한양대학교병원 산업의학과)
  • Published : 2009.03.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine the health of beauty salon workers through the utilization of questionnaires concerning the extent of exposure to organic solvents found in the air of some beauty salons and any resultant symptoms in employees. The subjects were 36 employees from 10 beauty salons who agreed to participate in this study. The degree of exposure to organic solvents in the air of beauty salons was measured from September 1, 2008 to September 30, 2008. A survey of symptoms that occurred due to exposure to these solvents was also performed. The results were as follows: questionnaires were collected and analyzed from a total of 36 subjects. Of these, 28(77.8%) were female and 8(22.2%) were male. The mean age was 29.08. The mean working period was 7.13 years. Sixteen subjects attended programs at universities while 11 went to beauty schools for vocational education. When testing the concentration of organic solvents in the air of beauty salons, the highest value found was Isopropyl alcohol 511.85 ppb followed by butyl acetate, toluene, acetone, xylene, ethyl benzene, styrene, and chlorobenzene. A logistic regression analysis was performed as follows: the point of each factor was the dependent variable while sex, age, drinking, smoking, educational level, work experience, hairdresser's license, and organic solvents were the independent variables. Statistically significant difference (p<0.05) was shown in the hairdresser's license among Factor 1 and in Xylene among Factor 2; however, difference was not shown in the other variables.

Keywords

Beauty-shop;Mixed organic solvent;Subjective symptom

References

  1. The National Statistical Office, 2000, Statistics an Annual Report
  2. Ministry of Government Legislation, 2008, Public Health Management
  3. Stock L., Cone J., 1998, Barbering and Cosmetology in Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety, 4th ed., Geneva International Labour Organization, 100, 5-9
  4. Kim Y. S., 1994, A Study on Organic Solvent Exposure in Painting Operation of Automobile Manufacturing Industry, Korean Journal of Environmental Health, 20(4), 10-16
  5. Zenz C., 1994, Occupational Medicine, Year Book Medical Publishers, INC., 3rd ed., Mosby
  6. Kim S. A., Kim E. J., Park W. S., Jung S. H., 2002, Analysis of Influencing Factors on Female Hairdresser's Neuropsychiatric Symptoms Due to Chronic Organic Solvent Exposure, The Korean Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 14(1), 13-22
  7. Lee K. S., Lee M. G., Cho Y. C., 1998, Laboratory Findings and Subjective symotoms of Car Repair Workers, Korean Journal of Environmental Health, 24(2), 80-87
  8. Word Health Organization, 1985, Environmental health 5 organic solvents and the central nervous system, WHO Regional Office for Europe and Ordic Council of Ministers, Copenhagen(monograph), 1
  9. Gerr F., Setz R., 1992, Solvents in Environmental and Occupational Medicine. 2nd ed by Wiliam N. ROM, New York, Brown and Company, 843-859
  10. Bowler R., Mergler D., Hurl G., 1991, Neuropsychological Impairmemt of Former Microelectronics Workers, Neurtoxicology, 12, 87-104
  11. Beving H., Tornling G., Olsson P., 1991, Increased Erythocyte Volume in Car Repair Painters and Car Mechanics, British Journal of Industrial Medicine 48 499-501 https://doi.org/10.1136/oem.48.7.499
  12. Leino T., Kahkonen E., Saarinen L., Henrisk Eckerman M. L., Paakkulainen H., 1999, Working Conditions and Health in Hairdressing Salons, Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 14(1), 26-33 https://doi.org/10.1080/104732299303386
  13. Herrinton L. J., Weiss N. S., Koepsell T. D., Daling J. R., Tayor J. Y., Lyon J. L., Seanson G. M., Greenberg R. S., 1994, Exposure to Hair-coloring Products and the Risk of Multiple Myteloma. American Journal of Public Health, 84(7), 1142-1144 https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.84.7.1142
  14. Forssman S., 1983, Encyclopedia of Occupational Health and Safety, 3rd ed., Geneva, ILO
  15. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health., 1995, NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods, NIOSH, Cincinnati, Ohio
  16. Cho S. H., Kim S. M., Kwon H. J., Vim Y. H., 1993, Development of an On Site Diagnostic Tool to Detect Neuropsychiatric Impairment due to Chronic Organic Solvent Exposure, Korean Journal of Preventive Medicine, 26(1), 147-164
  17. Ann T. F., Baker E. L., Letz R. E., 1987, Neurobehavior effects of occupational exposure to organic solvents among construction painters, British Journal of Industrial Medicine, 44, 292-308 https://doi.org/10.1136/oem.44.5.292
  18. Lee K. S., Lee M. G., Cho Y. C., 1998, Laboratory findings and subjective symptoms of car repair workers, Korean Journal of Environmental Health, 24(2), 80-87