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The Occurrences of Pharmaceutical and Personal Care Products (PPCPs) in Mankyung River, South Korea

만경강 수중에서 신체보초제품(PPCPS)의 잔류

  • Kim, Joon-Woo (Environmental and Symbiotic Sciences, Prefectural University of Kumamoto) ;
  • Kim, Jong-Gu (Faculty of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Kunsan National University) ;
  • Jang, Hyo-Sang (Faculty of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Kunsan National University) ;
  • Cho, Hyeon-Seo (Faculty of Marine Technology, College of Fisheries & Ocean Science, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Takao, Yuji (Faculty of Environmental Studies, Nagasaki University) ;
  • Arizono, Koji (Environmental and Symbiotic Sciences, Prefectural University of Kumamoto)
  • Published : 2009.03.31

Abstract

In recent years, environmental pollution by phannaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in the aquatic environment is of great concern worldwide. Recent studies have been reported to occur in a variety of environmental organisms such as surface, drinking and ground water, soils, sediments and hospitals. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the occurrence and environmental behavior of fourteen human PPCPs in surface waters of Mankyung River in South Korea. We were conducted to field survey for water quality and PPCPs analysis at November, 2006. PPCPs were analyzed by liquid chromatograph coupled with a tandem mass spectrometer (HPLC-MS/MS). The concentration of COD was measured to be 2.37$\sim$19.71 mg/L, which was belong to 4$\sim$5 grade in water quality criteria of lake. Station 2 that there is no pollution in upper stream, was appeared to lower concentration. The concentration of TN and TP, that is cause matter of eutrophication, were found to be 7.78$\sim$35.42 mg/L and 0.08$\sim$0.95 mg/L, respectively, which were exceeding 5 grade in Lake water quality criteria. The 11 kind of PPCPs compounds except levofloxacin and triclosan were detected to Mankyung river. PPCPs concentrations of STP(Sewer Treatment Plant) effluents and aquatic environment in Mankyung river have been detected in the range from dozens of ng/L to hundreds of ${\mu}g/L$ that by order of atenolol, carbamazepine, propranolol, Ibuprofen, erythromycin, ifenprodil, clarithromycin, mefenamic acid, fluconazole, indomethacin, disopyramide. PPCPs concentration of Station 1 and 5, which was influenced by Jeonju STP and Wanju STP, was detected high values. Station 2 that there is no pollution, showed lower values. Station 3 which joined Gosan stream and Jeonju stream and station 4 which influenced by stock wastewater was detected to low values.

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