Analysis of light-frame, low-rise buildings under simulated lateral wind loads

  • Fischer, C. (Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Academy of Sciences) ;
  • Kasal, B. (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Department of Architectural Engineering, Penn State University)
  • Received : 2007.10.11
  • Accepted : 2008.12.18
  • Published : 2009.03.25


The Monte Carlo procedure was used to simulate wind load effects on a light-frame low-rise structure of irregular shape and a main wind force resisting system. Two analytical models were studied: rigid-beam and rigid-plate models. The models assumed that roof diaphragms were rigid beam or rigid plate and shear walls controlled system behavior and failure. The parameters defining wall stiffness, including imperfections, were random and included wall stiffness, wall capacity and yield displacements. The effect of openings was included in the simulation via a set of discrete multipliers with uniform distribution. One and two-story buildings were analyzed and the models can be expanded into multiple-floor structures provided that the assumptions made in this paper are not violated.


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