Optimum design of geometrically non-linear steel frames with semi-rigid connections using a harmony search algorithm

  • Degertekin, S.O. (Department of Civil Engineering, Dicle University) ;
  • Hayalioglu, M.S. (Department of Civil Engineering, Dicle University) ;
  • Gorgun, H. (Department of Civil Engineering, Dicle University)
  • Received : 2009.06.08
  • Accepted : 2009.10.21
  • Published : 2009.11.25


The harmony search method based optimum design algorithm is presented for geometrically non-linear semi-rigid steel frames. Harmony search method is recently developed metaheuristic algorithm which simulates the process of producing a musical performance. The optimum design algorithm aims at obtaining minimum weight steel frames by selecting from standard set of steel sections such as European wide flange beams (HE sections). Strength constraints of Turkish Building Code for Steel Structures (TS648) specification and displacement constraints were used in the optimum design formulation. The optimum design algorithm takes into account both the geometric non-linearity of the frame members and the semi-rigid behaviour of the beam-to-column connections. The Frye-Morris polynomial model is used to calculate the moment-rotation relation of beam-to-column connections. The robustness of harmony search algorithm, in comparison with genetic algorithms, is verified with two benchmark examples. The comparisons revealed that the harmony search algorithm yielded not only minimum weight steel frames but also required less computational effort for the presented examples.


optimum design;harmony search;steel frames;semi-rigid connections


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