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Estimation of Species Richness of Butterfly Community in the Gwangneung Forest, Korea

광릉 숲 나비군집의 종풍부도 산정

  • 권태성 (국립산림과학원 산림생태과) ;
  • 변봉규 (국립수목원 산림생물조사과) ;
  • 이봉우 (국립수목원 산림생물조사과) ;
  • 이치영 (동아시아환경생물연구소) ;
  • 손정달 (국립수목원 산림생물조사과) ;
  • 강승호 (한국유용곤충연구소(주)) ;
  • 김성수 (동아시아환경생물연구소) ;
  • 김영걸 (국립산림과학원 산림생태과)
  • Published : 2009.12.30

Abstract

Species richness (number of species) of the butterfly community in the Gwangneung forest, Korea, was estimated using data of the long-term butterfly monitoring, which had been carried out 291 times in the Korea National Arboretum or forest area of Gwangneung from 1998 to 2008. Abundance of each butterfly species was monitored using the line-transact method. In the present study, 13,333 butterflies belonging to 112 species were observed. Species accumulation curve and species richness was obtained using a software, EstimateS. The species accumulation curve shows an increase tendency even at 291 survey times, implying the possibility of the presence of a few unfound species. However, values of species richness estimated by the seven estimators were stabilized around 240-250 survey times. Species richness estimated by the estimators ranged from 120 species to 141 species with 128 species in average. However, the figure estimated by the previous studies since 1958 was 148 species. We estimated the reasonable scale of species richness on the base of recent analysis on the change of butterfly species. Species richness of the Korea National Arboretum was higher than that of natural forest and of plantation. However, species richness of butterfly was not different between natural forest and plantation. It is likely that increase of grasslands and habitat diversity in arboretum led to the increase of species richness of butterfly community.

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