DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Evaluation of Toxicity of Plant Extract Made by Neem and Matrine against Main Pests and Natural Enemies

멀구슬과 고삼을 원료로 한 식물추출물의 주요해충과 천적에 대한 독성평가

  • Hwang, In-Cheon (Central Research Institute, KyungNong Co. Ltd.) ;
  • Kim, Jin (Central Research Institute, KyungNong Co. Ltd.) ;
  • Kim, Hyeong-Min (Central Research Institute, KyungNong Co. Ltd.) ;
  • Kim, Do-Ik (Jeonnam Agricultural Research & Extension Services) ;
  • Kim, Sun-Gon (Jeonnam Agricultural Research & Extension Services) ;
  • Kim, Sang-Su (Division of Horticulture and Plant Medicine, Sunchon National University) ;
  • Jang, Cheol (Central Research Institute, KyungNong Co. Ltd.)
  • 황인천 ((주)경농 중앙연구소) ;
  • 김진 ((주)경농 중앙연구소) ;
  • 김형민 ((주)경농 중앙연구소) ;
  • 김도익 (전라남도농업기술원 친환경연구소) ;
  • 김선곤 (전라남도농업기술원 친환경연구소) ;
  • 김상수 (순천대학교 원예식물의학부) ;
  • 장철 ((주)경농 중앙연구소)
  • Published : 2009.03.30

Abstract

KNI3126 which is the eco-friendly material made by plant extracts - neem and matrine - have been evaluated for efficacies against 6 main pests and toxicity on natural enemies. Insecticidal efficacies of KNI3126 against plant hopper were above 95% at 5 days after treatment (DAT), whereas pesticidal effects against the cotton aphid were above 95% at 3 DAT and slightly decreased at 5 DAT. Insecticidal efficacy against the palm thrips resulted in lower control value as 68.1% than that of chemical insecticides. KNI3126 showed more than 95% control value against diamond back moth, suggesting that it could suppress the population of pest hard to control as eco-friendly material. Mortalities against two-spotted spider mite were about 80% at 1 DAT and over 90% at 5 DAT, respectively. For evaluation of the toxicity on natural enemies, effect against predatory natural enemy was classified as moderate selective toxicity based on the criterion of International Organization of Bio-Control (IOBC), whereas against parasitic natural enemies was found to be relatively safe. Repellent effect was weak against plant hopper, but strong against two-spotted spider mite. In the toxicity test for safety, KNI3126 was classified as the lowest level at acute oral, acute dermal and fish toxicity test and did not induce the irritancy at skin irritation test and eye irritation test.

References

  1. Kang, M.K., E.J. Kang, H.J. Lee, D.H. Lee, H.B. Seok, D.A Kim, M.L. Gil, M.J. Seo, Y.M. Yu and Y.N. Youn. 2007. Effects of Environment Friendly Agricultural Materials to Phytoseiulusc persimilis (Acari: Phytoseiidae) in the Laboratory. Korean J. Appl. Entomol. 46(1): 87-95 https://doi.org/10.5656/KSAE.2007.46.1.087
  2. Lavie, D., Jian, M.K. and S.R. Shapan-Gabrielith. 1967. A locust phago-repellent from two Melia spp. Chem. Comm. 1: 910-911
  3. Leskovar, D.I., A.K. Boales. 1996. Azadirachtin: potential use for diamondback moth lepidopterous insects and increasing marketability of cabbage. HortScience. 31: 405-409
  4. Park, J.H., K.Y. Ryu, H.J. Jee, B.M. Lee and H.G. Gho. 2008. Evaluation of Insecticidal Activity of Plant Extracts against Three Insect Pests. Korean J. Appl. Entomol. 47(1): 59-64 https://doi.org/10.5656/KSAE.2008.47.1.059
  5. Wink, M. 1993. Production and application of phytochemicals from an agricultural perspective. Pp.171-213. In Phytochemistry and Agriculture. (Eds. Van T. A. Beek and H. Breteler) vol. 34. Clarendon, Oxford, UK
  6. Chauvin, R.C. 1946. Sur la substance guin dans less faulles de Melia azedirach response less criquez. Acad.Sci. Paris. 222: 41-414
  7. Ryuk, C.S. 1997. Coloured medicinal plants of Korea. Academy press. p. 665
  8. Kim, Y.K., J.J. Kim and M.Y. Choi. 2008b. Insecticidal Activities and Repellent Effects of Plant Extracts against the Brown Planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens). Korean J. Appl. Entomol. 47(1): 65-74 https://doi.org/10.5656/KSAE.2008.47.1.065
  9. Yu, Y.M., E.J. Kang, M.J. Seo, M.K. Kang, H.J. Lee, D.A Kim, M.L. Gil and Y.N. Youn. 2006. Effects of Environment Friendly Agricultural Materials to Insect Parasitoids in the Laboratory. Korean J. Appl. Entomol. 45(2): 227-234
  10. Kim, D.Y., M.S. Cho, S.Y. Choi, S.K. Paek, J.S. Kim, Y.N. Youn, I.C. Hwang, and Y.M. Yu. 2008a. Selection of Crop Protectant for Friendly Environmental Control of Spodopfera exigua (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Korean J. Appl. Entomol. 47(1): 45-50 https://doi.org/10.5656/KSAE.2008.47.1.045
  11. Schmutterer, H. 1980. Natural pesticides from the neem tree. Proc. 1st Int. Neem Conf. pp. 33-259
  12. Wheeler D.A. and M.B. Isman. 2001. Antifeedant and toxic of Trichilla americana extract against the larvae of Spodoptera litura. Entomologia Expimentals et Applicata. 98: 9-16 https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1018755203570
  13. Huff, R.K. 1980. The synthesis of 3-(2,2-dichloro vinyl)-1-methylcyclopropane-1,2-dicarboxylic acid. Pestici. Sci. 11: 141-147 https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.2780110207
  14. Oelrichs, P.B., M.W. Hill, O.J. Valley, J.K. MacLeod and T.F. Molinski. 1983. Toxic tetranotriterpenes of the fruits of Melia azedarach. Phytochemistry. 22: 531-534 https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(83)83039-8
  15. Saxena, R.C. 1989. Insecticides from neem. In insecticides of plant origin (J.T. Arnason, B.J.R. Philogene and P. Morand, eds.). ACS Symp. Ser. No. 387. Am. Chem. Soc. Washington, D.C., pp. 110-135
  16. Natural Chemistry Science Institute. 1996. Research of natural chemistry science in Korea. 396pp
  17. Arnason, J.T., B.J.R. Philogene, P. Morand, K. Imrie, S. Iyengar, F. Duval, C. Soucy-Breau, J.V. Scaiano, N.H. Werstiuk, B. Hasspieler and A.E.R. Downe. 1989. Naturally occurring and synthetic thiopenes as photoactivated insecticides. pp. 164-172. In Insecticides of Plant Orgin. (Eds. J.T. Arnason, B.J.R. Philogene and P. Morand) ACS symposium series no. 387, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC
  18. Kwon O K., H.S. Lee, K.S. Seong, Y.K. Kim. B.R. Choi. 1994. Identification of biologically active ingredient in Sophora flavescens Ait. against brown planthopper. RDA. J. Agri. Sci. 36(1): 366-369
  19. Ausher, R. 1995. Implementation of integrated pest management in Israel. In: Bemisia. 1995: Taxonomy, biology, damage, control and management. Ed. by Gerling, D.; Mayer, R. T. Andover, UK: Intercept. 171-176
  20. Liang, G.M., W. Chen, T.X. Liu. 2003. Effects of neem-based insecticides on diamondback moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae). Crop Protection. 22: 333-340 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0261-2194(02)00175-8
  21. Schmutterer, H. 1988. Potential of azadirachtin-containing pesticides for integrated pest control in developing and industrialized countries. J. Insect Physiol. 34:713-719 https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1910(88)90082-0
  22. Song, C., G.H. Kim., S.J. Ahn, N.J. Park and K.Y. Cho. 1995. Acaricide susceptibilities of field-collected populations of twospotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranichidae) from apple orchards. korean. J. Appl. Entomol. 34: 328-333
  23. Morgan, E.D. and M.D. Thornton. 1973. Azadirachtin in the fruits of Melia azadirach. Phytochem. 12: 391-392 https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(73)80025-1
  24. Kim, D.I., J.D. Park, S.G. Kim, H. Kuk., M.S. Jang and S.S. Kim. 2005. Screening of some crude extracts for their acaricidal and insecticidal efficacies. J. Asia-Pacific Entomol. 8: 93-100 https://doi.org/10.1016/S1226-8615(08)60076-X

Cited by

  1. Evaluation of Insecticidal and Antifeeding Activities of Eco-friendly Organic Insecticides Against Agricultural Insect Pests vol.54, pp.2, 2015, https://doi.org/10.5656/KSAE.2015.05.0.020
  2. Insecticidal Activity of Chinese Honeysuckle, Quisqualis indica Extracts against Scale Insects vol.18, pp.2, 2014, https://doi.org/10.7585/kjps.2014.18.2.104
  3. Toxicological and biochemical basis of synergism between the entomopathogenic fungus Lecanicillium muscarium and the insecticide matrine against Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) vol.7, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1038/srep46558
  4. Residue Patterns of Active Ingredients Derived from Melia Azedarach, Nerium Ndicum, and Coptis Chinensis in Rice Using LC-MS/MS vol.34, pp.2, 2015, https://doi.org/10.5338/KJEA.2015.34.2.16
  5. The Influence of Cover-crop (Vicia tetrasperma) Cultivation on the Occurrence of Major Insect Pests and their Natural Enemies in Pepper, Capsicum annum vol.32, pp.1, 2013, https://doi.org/10.5338/KJEA.2013.32.1.35
  6. Control Efficacy of Environment-friendly Agricultural Materials against Alfalfa Weevil, Hypera postica Gyllenhal at Chinese Milk Vetch Field vol.18, pp.1, 2014, https://doi.org/10.7585/kjps.2014.18.1.26
  7. In vitro Antimutagenic and Genotoxic Effects of Sophora Radix Extracts vol.17, pp.4, 2013, https://doi.org/10.7585/kjps.2013.17.4.335
  8. Seasonal Occurrences of Insect Pests and Control Effects of Eco-friendly Agricultural Materials (EFAMs) in the Field of Lycium chinense under Environment- Friendly Management vol.17, pp.4, 2013, https://doi.org/10.7585/kjps.2013.17.4.402
  9. Insecticidal Effect of Organic Materials of BT, Neem and Matrine Alone and Its Mixture against Major Insect Pests of Organic Chinese cabbage vol.17, pp.3, 2013, https://doi.org/10.7585/kjps.2013.17.3.213
  10. Occurrence of Tomato Russet Mites, Aculops lycopersici Massee (Acari: Eriophyidae) in a Greenhouse and Selection of an Eco-friendly Organic Insecticide 2016, https://doi.org/10.5656/KSAE.2016.08.0.037
  11. Bioactivity of a matrine-based biopesticide against four pest species of agricultural importance vol.67, 2015, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2014.10.010
  12. Evaluation of Toxicity of Several Environmental Friendly Agricultural Materials on Honeybee (Apis mellifera) and Asian Multicolored Ladybird Beetle (Harmonia axyridis) vol.49, pp.3, 2010, https://doi.org/10.5656/KSAE.2010.49.3.227
  13. Combination effects of Organic Materials and Bacillus thuringiensis on Spodoptera exigua vol.19, pp.4, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7585/kjps.2015.19.4.411
  14. Eco-Friendly Organic Pesticides (EFOP)-Mediated Management of Persimmon Pests, Stathmopoda masinissa and Riptortus pedestris 2016, https://doi.org/10.5656/KSAE.2016.08.0.016
  15. ) in persimmon trees pp.2165-0616, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1080/01448765.2018.1526711
  16. Acaricidal Activity of Individual and Combined treatments of Plant Extracts against the Tea Red Spider Mite, Tetranychus kanzawai (Acari : Tetranychidae), a Pest of Tea Plant vol.26, pp.4, 2018, https://doi.org/10.11625/KJOA.2018.26.4.707