Biological Characteristics of Lycorma delicatula and the Control Effects of Some Insecticides

꽃매미(Lycorma delicatula)의 생태 특성 및 약제 살충 효과

  • Park, JI-Doo (Division of Forest Insect Pests and Diseases, Korea Forest Research Institute) ;
  • Kim, Min-Young (Division of Forest Insect Pests and Diseases, Korea Forest Research Institute) ;
  • Lee, Sang-Gil (Division of Forest Insect Pests and Diseases, Korea Forest Research Institute) ;
  • Shin, Sang-Chul (Division of Forest Insect Pests and Diseases, Korea Forest Research Institute) ;
  • Kim, Jun-Heon (Division of Forest Insect Pests and Diseases, Korea Forest Research Institute) ;
  • Park, Il-Kwon (Division of Forest Insect Pests and Diseases, Korea Forest Research Institute)
  • 박지두 (국립산림과학원 산림병해충과) ;
  • 김민영 (국립산림과학원 산림병해충과) ;
  • 이상길 (국립산림과학원 산림병해충과) ;
  • 신상철 (국립산림과학원 산림병해충과) ;
  • 김준헌 (국립산림과학원 산림병해충과) ;
  • 박일권 (국립산림과학원 산림병해충과)
  • Published : 2009.03.30


Biological Characteristics of Lycorma delicatula and insecticidal activity of some insecticides against nymphs of L. delicatula was investigated. Nymph of L. delicatula had 4 instars, and color of body was black. There were white spots on the body of 1st-3rd nymph. Upper body became red at 4th nymph. Adult forewings were brownish, and had black spots. Color of hind wing were red. The egg mass was covered with a yellowish brown secretion. The adult of L. delicatula emerged once a year. Among test insecticides, deltamethrin 1% EC and fenitrothion 50% EC showed very quick and strong insecticidal activity against the 2nd-3rd nymphs of L. delicatula. Imidacloprid 4% SL and clothianidin 8% SC showed 100% insecticidal activity at 24h after treatment. Thiacoprid 10% SC revealed the weakest insecticidal activity among the insecticides tested.

꽃매미의 형태, 생태적 특성 및 살충제의 살충 활성을 조사하였다. 백색으로 부화한 1령 약충은 흑색으로 변하며 흰 반점으로 덮여 있다. 4령 약충 이후에는 붉은색 등에 검은 반점을 띠고, 두 측면에는 날개딱지가 나타난다. 성충의 앞날개는 혁질로 2/3는 옅은 갈색을 띠며 20여개의 검은 반점이 외연부와 시맥에 고루 분포되어있다. 뒷날개의 1/2은 붉은색 바탕에 7-10개의 검은 반점과 흑갈색을 띠며, 날개의 맥은 흰색의 그물모양을 띤다. 성충은 1년에 1회 발생하였다. 꽃매미 2-3령 약충에 대해 살충활성을 검정한 결과, 텔타메스린, 클로치아니딘액상수화제가 처리 2시간 후 100% 살충율을 보여 약효가 신속하였다. 페니트로치온유제와 이미다크로프리드액제도 약제살포 24시간 후 100%의 살충율을 보였으나 치아크로프리드액상수화제는 다른 공시약종에 비해 살충율이 낮았다.



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