Effect of Paprika and Zooplankton Supplementation in the Diets on Carotenoid Deposition and Skin Pigmentation of the Rose Bitterling Rhodeus ocellatus

사료내 Paprika와 동물플랑크톤 혼합첨가가 흰줄납줄개 Rhodeus ocellatus의 Carotenoid 축적 및 체색에 미치는 영향

  • Lee, Choong-Ryul (Faculty of Marine Bioscience & Technology, Kangnung National University) ;
  • Bae, Ki-Min (Faculty of Marine Bioscience & Technology, Kangnung National University) ;
  • Lee, Sang-Min (Faculty of Marine Bioscience & Technology, Kangnung National University)
  • 이충열 (강릉대학교 해양생명공학부) ;
  • 배기민 (강릉대학교 해양생명공학부) ;
  • 이상민 (강릉대학교 해양생명공학부)
  • Published : 2009.02.25

Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of dietary supplementation of paprika powder as carotenoid source with three different zooplankton on carotenoid deposition and skin pigmentation of rose bitterling Rhodeus ocellatus. Two replicate groups of fish (initial average weight 0.8 g) were fed the five experimental diets containing 5% paprika (P5) and mixture of 5% paprika with 3% three zooplankton of water flea Moina macrocopa (P5M3), Artemia nauplius Artemia sp. (P5A3) and rotifer Brachionus plicatilis (P5R3) and without supplementation of carotenoid source (Con) for 10 weeks. Survival of fish among the treatments was not affected by dietary supplementation. Total carotenoid contents of whole body in fish fed the diets containing 3% zooplankton was higher than that of fish fed other diets. Especially, the highest total carotenoid contents of whole body was observed in fish fed the P5A3 diet. Similarity, Lightness, $a^*$ and $b^*$ values of the fish fed the diets containing 3% zooplankton tended to be higher than that in fish fed control and P5 diets. The apparent color intensity of skin and fin in fish fed the diets containing paprika with Artemia nauplius and rotifer was better than those of fish fed other diets. The results of this study suggest that dietary supplementation of paprika with Artemia nauplius and rotifer can improve skin pigmentation of rose bitterling.

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