Intensive Culture of the Pacific White Shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei, under Limited Water Exchange - II. Indoor Post-Nursery Culture of Juvenile Shrimp -

사육수 비교환 방식에 의한 흰다리새우의 고밀도 사육 - II. 흰다리새우의 실내 중간양성 -

  • Jang, In-Kwon (West Sea Mariculture Research Center, National Fisheries Research & Development Institute) ;
  • Kim, Jong-Sheek (West Sea Mariculture Research Center, National Fisheries Research & Development Institute) ;
  • Seo, Hyung-Chul (West Sea Mariculture Research Center, National Fisheries Research & Development Institute) ;
  • Cho, Kook-Jin (West Sea Mariculture Research Center, National Fisheries Research & Development Institute)
  • 장인권 (국립수산과학원 서해특성화연구센터) ;
  • 김종식 (국립수산과학원 서해특성화연구센터) ;
  • 서형철 (국립수산과학원 서해특성화연구센터) ;
  • 조국진 (국립수산과학원 서해특성화연구센터)
  • Published : 2009.02.25

Abstract

Shrimp farming which is entirely conducted in outdoor ponds in the west coast of Korea has been suffered from mass mortality due to viral epizootics. Intensive indoor shrimp culture under limited water exchange can solve these problems of outdoor ponds including viral transmission from environment, pollution due to discharge of rearing water, low productivity and limited culture period. In this study, juvenile L. vannamei (B.W. 0.08-0.09 g) was stocked with $3,000-5,455/m^3$ in density in four raceway tanks (two $12.9\;m^2$, two $18\;m^2$ tanks) and cultured for 42 days with 2.7-3.4% of daily water exchange. Results from four tanks showed FCR of 0.79-1.29, survival of 38.2-48.0%, and yields of $2.49-4.22\;kg/m^3$ which is consistent with 12-20 and 8-14 times higher than those of commercial shrimp hatchery and outdoor pond in Korea, respectively. Concentrations of total ammonia nitrogen in all four tanks were 1.11-1.42 ppm in mean level and did not exceed 6.0 ppm (0.096 ppm of $NH_3$) which is still acceptable levels for shrimp growth. During the culture trial, concentration of $NO_2$-N rapidly increased from stocking, resulting in mean concentration of 18.45-22.07 ppm. It also exceeded 10 ppm over four weeks and maintained at 35-45 ppm for four days in all tanks, accounting for low survival of shrimp due to long-term exposure to high concentration of $NO_2$-N. Nevertheless, the results with survival rate over 38% from raceways which experienced the extreme $NO_2$-N levels suggests that under "biofloc system" white shrimp can acclimate to high $NO_2$-N concentration to some degree.

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