Gonadal Development and Reproductive Cycle of the Granular Ark Tegillarca granosa (Bivalvia: Arcidae)

꼬막 Tegillarca granosa의 생식소 발달과 생식주기

  • 김성연 (국립수산과학원 양식환경연구센터) ;
  • 문태석 (남해특성화연구센터) ;
  • 신윤경 (남해수산연구소 증식연구과) ;
  • 박미선 (남해수산연구소 양식관리과)
  • Published : 2009.02.25


Gonadal development and reproductive cycle of the granular ark Tegillarca granosa were investigated by histological observations. Samples were collected monthly from January to Decemberry 2002 in the Yeoja Bay of Yeosu, Jeollanam-do, Korea. T. granosa was dioecious. The gonads consist of a number of oogenic follicle and acinus. Monthly changes in the gonad index reached a maximum in June and a minimum in August. Monthly changes in the condition index reached a maximum in July and a minimum in September. The reproductive cycle of this species can be divided into five successive stages: early active stage (March to May), late active stage (April to June), ripe stage (May to July), spent stage (July to August) and recovery and resting stage (September to March). The spawning of T. granosa occurred in July and August in Yeoja Bay. The sex ratio of female to male was not significantly different from 1:1.


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