Antioxidant Activities of Mulberry (Morus alba L.) Leaf Extracted with Different Concentrations of EtOH

  • Published : 2009.12.31

Abstract

Antioxidant activities of mulberry leaf extracted with different concentrations of EtOH were investigated. Total phenolic content and electron donating abilities of extract from 70% EtOH were the highest. Extracts obtained from EtOH-water mixture were shown to be significantly higher superoxide dismutase (SOD)-like activities than other treatment (p<0.05). Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition was the greatest at 50% EtOH concentration (p<0.05). The extracts from 30-70% EtOH exhibited higher ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) value than rest of the concentration (p<0.05). In case of nitrite scavenging activity, much higher scavenging activities were observed when the extraction was performed with EtOH or EtOH-water mixture (p<0.05). The results indicate that concentration of EtOH as extraction solvents can affect the antioxidant activity of mulberry leaf, which may provide useful information on the optimal solvent conditions for the extraction.

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