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The Effect of Dietary Supplementation of Feather Meal on the Performance and Muscular Taurine Contents in Growing-finishing Pigs

  • Seo, S.H. (Cargill Agri Purina Inc.) ;
  • Jung, B.Y. (Department of Poultry Science, University of Georgia) ;
  • Lee, M.K. (CTC Bio Co. Ltd.) ;
  • Lee, B.H. (Department of Food and Nutrition, Chung Ang University) ;
  • Paik, I.K. (Department of Animal Science and Technology, College of Industrial Sciences, Chung-Ang University)
  • Received : 2009.02.23
  • Accepted : 2009.04.20
  • Published : 2009.10.01

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary supplementation of feather meal (FM) on the performance of pigs and taurine content in pork. A total of 135 cross-bred (L${\times}$Y${\times}$D) pigs, weighing an average 46 kg, were assigned to five dietary treatments; Control, 3% FM supplemented diet (3% FM), 3% FM and 10 ppm pyridoxin supplemented diet (3% FMpyridoxin), 6% FM supplemented diet (6% FM) and 6% FM and 10 ppm pyridoxine supplemented diet (6% FM-pyridoxin). Each treatment had 3 replications of 9 pigs (4 gilts and 5 barrows) each. Pigs were fed for 11 weeks under a phase feeding program which consisted of grower (0-3 week), grow-finisher (4-8 week) and finisher (9-11 week) periods. During the whole feeding period, ADG and ADFI of pigs fed FM treatments tended to increase in general compared to the control. Feed conversion ratio (feed/gain) of the control was significantly (p<0.05) lower than FM treatments. Taurine content of the control was highest in heart muscle (1,393.8 ppm) followed by liver (647.3 ppm), tenderloin (601.2 ppm), ham (462.4 ppm) and loin (375.8 ppm). Taurine contents of heart, tenderloin, ham and loin were significantly (p<0.05) increased by FM treatments. Taurine content was highest in the 6% FM-pyridoxin treatment. Taurine content of heart, tenderloin, ham and loin on 6% FM-pyridoxin supplementation were increased by 91%, 23%, 27% and 29%, respectively, compared with the control. Sensory tests of the pork showed that there was no consistent response among the treatments. In conclusion, supplementation of FM and pyridoxin to a pig diet can increase taurine content of the pork.

Keywords

Taurine;Feather Meal;Pyridoxin;Pork

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Agricultural R & D Promotion Center

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