Determination of carbaryl in aqueous solution by fluorescence spectrometry

형광분광법을 이용한 수용액 중의 carbaryl의 정량

  • Kim, Wook Hyun (Department of Chemistry, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Lee, Sang Hak (Department of Chemistry, Kyungpook National University)
  • 김욱현 (경북대학교 자연과학대학 화학과) ;
  • 이상학 (경북대학교 자연과학대학 화학과)
  • Received : 2009.02.26
  • Accepted : 2009.08.04
  • Published : 2009.08.25

Abstract

A spectrofluorimetric methods has been developed for the determination of carbaryl in an aqueous solution. The effects of excitation wavelength, concentration of surfactant, concentration of ethanol as cosurfactant and emission wavelength on the fluorescence intensity were investigated to find the optimum experimental conditions to determine carbaryl. The emission intensity of the carbayl was increased with addition of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) as a surfactant. The emission intensity of the carbaryl was further increased with addition of ethanol as a co-surfactant. The optimum conditions were 281 nm for excitation wavelength, $1.0{\times}10^{-2}mol/L$ SDS, 20% (v/v) ethanol and 349 nm for emission wavelength. Under the optimum conditions, the emission intensity increased with the carbaryl concentration in the range of $5{\times}10^{-7}$ to $1.0{\times}10^{-4}mol/L$ with a detection limit ($3{\sigma}$) of $1.1{\times}10^{-8}mol/L$. The resulting correlation coefficient of the working curve was 0.9996.

Keywords

Carbaryl;sodium dodecyl sulfate;ethanol;fluorescence spectrometry

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국학술진흥제단

References

  1. T. Sasaki, Food Sanitation Reseasrch, 34(11), 989(1984)
  2. M. Takeda, Food Sanitation Reseasrch, 34(11), 1019 (1984)
  3. K. Kojima, Food Sanitation Reseasrch, 34(11), 1129 (1984)
  4. G. Blaicher, W. Pfanhauser and H. Woidich, Chromatographia, 13, 438(1980) https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02261527
  5. L. Ogierman, J. of Assoc. Off. Anal. Chem., 65, 1452 (1982)
  6. S. Ruggeri, L. T. Vahteristo, A. Aguzzi, P. Finglas and E. Carnovale, J. Chromatogr. A, 855, 237(1999) https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(99)00674-3
  7. J. Yang and W. Zhao, Anal. Lett., 26, 2291(1993) https://doi.org/10.1080/00032719308017470
  8. D. G. Konstantianos, P. C. Ioannou and C. E. Efstathiou, Analyst, 116, 373(1991) https://doi.org/10.1039/an9911600373
  9. J. Gorges and S. Ghazarian, Anal. Chim. Acta, 276, 401(1993) https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-2670(93)80411-D
  10. F. Mattivi, A. Monetti, U. Vrhovsek, D. Tonon and C. Andres-Lacueva, J. Chromatogr. A, 888, 121(2000) https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00561-6
  11. D. Wang, G. Alfthan and A. Aro, Environ. Sci. Technol., 28, 383(1994) https://doi.org/10.1021/es00052a007
  12. A. Ambrus and H. P. Thier, Pure & Appl. Chem, 58, 1035 (1986) https://doi.org/10.1351/pac198658071035
  13. M. S. K. Sundaram and S. Y. Szeto, R. Hindle, J. of Chromatogr., 177, 29(1979) https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)92596-2
  14. W. F. Nirode, T. D. Staller, R. O. Cole and M. J. Sepaniak, Anal. Chem., 70, 182(1998) https://doi.org/10.1021/ac970560p
  15. E. C. Stanley, B. I. Kinneberg and L. P. Varga, Anal. Chem., 38, 1363(1966)
  16. R. T. Krause, J. of Chromatogr., 185, 615(1979) https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)85635-6
  17. F. A. Mohamed, Anal. Lett., 28, 2491(1995) https://doi.org/10.1080/00032719508004030
  18. T. L. Miller and S. I. Senkfor, Anal. Chem., 54, 2022 (1982) https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00249a026
  19. M. W. Lada and R. T. Kennedy, Anal. Chem., 68, 2790 (1996) https://doi.org/10.1021/ac960178x
  20. J. L. Brugess, J. L. Bernstein and K. Hurlbut, Arch. Intem. Med., 154, 221-224(1994) https://doi.org/10.1001/archinte.154.2.221
  21. Y. Satio, Food Sanitation Reseasrch, 34(11), 1003(1984)
  22. P. Damiani, G. Ibanez and A. Olivieri, Anal. Lett., 26, 247(1993) https://doi.org/10.1080/00032719308017382
  23. W. J. Mayer and M. S. Greengerg, J. of Chromatogr., 209, 295(1981)
  24. G. L. Muth and F. Erro, Bull. Environm. Contam. Toxicol., 24, 759(1970) https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01608185
  25. P. H. Kurtz, Am. J. Emerg. Med, 8, 68-70(1990) https://doi.org/10.1016/0735-6757(90)90299-F
  26. S. Y. Choi, Korean J. Environ. Agric., 3(1), 79(1984)
  27. R. Maties, J. J. Arias, F. Jimenez and M. Roman, Anal. Lett., 25, 851(1992) https://doi.org/10.1080/00032719208020041
  28. J. F. Lawrence, J. of Chromatogr., 123, 286(1976)
  29. D. G. Konstantianos and P. C. Ioannou, Analyst, 117, 877(1992) https://doi.org/10.1039/an9921700877
  30. B. L. Kepner and D. M. Hercules, Anal. Chem., 35, 1239(1963)
  31. M. Yang and S. A. Tomellini, J. Chromatogr. A, 939, 59(2001) https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)01337-1
  32. C. M. Sparacino and J. W. Hines, J. of Chromatogr. Sci., 14, 549(1976) https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/14.12.549
  33. Z. Zeng and C. Xu, Anal. Lett., 25, 1573(1992) https://doi.org/10.1080/00032719208017137
  34. A. A. Alwarthan and F. A. Aly, Talanta, 45, 1131(1998) https://doi.org/10.1016/S0039-9140(97)00223-3
  35. N. Jie, J. Yang and Z. Zhan, Anal. Lett., 26, 2283 (1993) https://doi.org/10.1080/00032719308017469