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Molecular Phylogeny of the Family Tephritidae (Insecta: Diptera): New Insight from Combined Analysis of the Mitochondrial 12S, 16S, and COII Genes

  • Han, Ho-Yeon (Division of Biological Science and Technology, College of Science and Technology, Yonsei University) ;
  • Ro, Kyung-Eui (Division of Biological Science and Technology, College of Science and Technology, Yonsei University)
  • Received : 2008.08.08
  • Accepted : 2008.11.10
  • Published : 2009.01.31

Abstract

The phylogeny of the family Tephritidae (Diptera: Tephritidae) was reconstructed from mitochondrial 12S, 16S, and COII gene fragments using 87 species, including 79 tephritid and 8 outgroup species. Minimum evolution and Bayesian trees suggested the following phylogenetic relationships: (1) A sister group relationship between Ortalotrypeta and Tachinisca, and their basal phylogenetic position within Tephritidae; (2) a sister group relationship between the tribe Acanthonevrini and Phytalmiini; (3) monophyly of Plioreocepta, Taomyia and an undescribed new genus, and their sister group relationship with the subfamily Tephritinae; (4) a possible sister group relationship of Cephalophysa and Adramini; and (5) reconfirmation of monophyly for Trypetini, Carpomyini, Tephritinae, and Dacinae. The combination of 12S, 16S, and COII data enabled resolution of phylogenetic relationships among the higher taxa of Tephritidae.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Korea Research Foundation, National Institute of Biological Resources, Ministry of Environment

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