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Effect of Refrigerated and Thermal Storage on the Volatile Profile of Commercial Aseptic Korean Soymilk

  • Kim, Hun (Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Illinois) ;
  • Cadwallader, Keith R. (Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Illinois) ;
  • Jeong, Eun-Jeong (Department of Food and Nutrition, Changwon National University) ;
  • Cha, Yong-Jun (Department of Food and Nutrition, Changwon National University)
  • Published : 2009.03.31

Abstract

This study determined the effect of refrigerated and thermal storage on the volatile profile of commercial aseptic soymilk. Volatile components in commercial aseptic soymilk stored either under refrigerated ($4^{\circ}C$) or thermal ($55^{\circ}C$) conditions for 30 days were periodically analyzed by combined solvent-assisted flavor evaporation-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (SAFE-GC-MS). The concentrations of most of the volatile components, including aldehydes, ketones, alcohols, acids, nitrogen- and sulfur-containing compounds, alkylfurans, furan derivatives and phenolic compounds, were affected to a greater extent by thermal storage compared with refrigerated storage. Profound increases in some volatile compounds with low odor detection thresholds, such as hexanal, octanal, (E)-2-octenal, (E,E)-2,4-decadienal, 1-octen-3-ol, 3-ethyl-2,5-dimethylpyrazine, 2,3-diethyl-5-methylpyrazine, 2-pentylfuran, 4-hydroxy-2,5-dimethyl-3(2H)-furanone, dimethyl trisulfide, guaiacol, 4-vinylguaiacol and 4-vinylphenol, were observed in thermal stored soymilk. The volatile profile changes caused by thermal storage may influence the aroma quality of thermal-stored aseptic soymilk.

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